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Search for subsolar mass ultracompact binaries in advanced LIGO’s second observing run


Siellez, K, LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, Search for subsolar mass ultracompact binaries in advanced LIGO's second observing run, Physical Review Letters, 123 Article 161102. ISSN 0031-9007 (2019) [Refereed Article]

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Copyright Statement

© 2019 American Physical Society

DOI: doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.161102


We present a search for subsolar mass ultracompact objects in data obtained during Advanced LIGO's second observing run. In contrast to a previous search of Advanced LIGO data from the first observing run, this search includes the effects of component spin on the gravitational waveform. We identify no viable gravitational-wave candidates consistent with subsolar mass ultracompact binaries with at least one component between 0.2 Ma-1.0 Ma. We use the null result to constrain the binary merger rate of (0.2 M, 0.2 M) binaries to be less than 3.7Ă—105 Gpc-3 yr-1 and the binary merger rate of (1.0 M, 1.0 M) binaries to be less than 5.2Ă—103 Gpc-3 yr-1. Subsolar mass ultracompact objects are not expected to form via known stellar evolution channels, though it has been suggested that primordial density fluctuations or particle dark matter with cooling mechanisms and/or nuclear interactions could form black holes with subsolar masses. Assuming a particular primordial black hole (PBH) formation model, we constrain a population of merging 0.2 M black holes to account for less than 16% of the dark matter density and a population of merging 1.0 M black holes to account for less than 2% of the dark matter density. We discuss how constraints on the merger rate and dark matter fraction may be extended to arbitrary black hole population models that predict subsolar mass binaries.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:LIGO, gravitational waves
Research Division:Physical Sciences
Research Group:Astronomical sciences
Research Field:General relativity and gravitational waves
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the physical sciences
UTAS Author:Siellez, K (Dr Karelle Siellez)
ID Code:151014
Year Published:2019
Web of Science® Times Cited:67
Deposited By:Physics
Deposited On:2022-07-11
Last Modified:2022-08-15

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