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Study on fracture behavior of molars based on three-dimensional high-precision computerized tomography scanning and numerical simulation

Citation

Feng, X and Kou, W and Liu, H and Gong, B and Tang, C, Study on fracture behavior of molars based on three-dimensional high-precision computerized tomography scanning and numerical simulation, International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering, 38, (3) pp. 1-14. ISSN 2040-7939 (2022) [Refereed Article]


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DOI: doi:10.1002/cnm.3561

Abstract

A series of three-dimensional (3D) numerical simulations are conducted to investigate the gradual failure process of molars in this study. The real morphology and internal mesoscopic structure of a whole tooth are implemented into the numerical simulations through computerized tomography scanning, digital image processing, and 3D matrix mapping. The failure process of the whole tooth subject to compressions including crack initiation, crack propagation, and final failure pattern is reproduced using 3D realistic failure process analysis (RFPA3D) method. It is concluded that a series of microcracks are gradually initiated, nucleated, and subsequently interconnect to form macroscopic cracks when the teeth are under over-compressions. The propagation of the macroscopic cracks results in the formation of fracture surfaces and penetrating cracks, which are essential signs and manifestations of the tooth failure. Moreover, the simulations reveal that, the material heterogeneity is a critical factor that affects the mechanical properties and fracture modes of the teeth, which vary from crown fractures to crown-root fractures and root fractures depending on different homogeneity indices.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:3D numerical simulation, crack propagation, CT scanning, mesoscopic structures, tooth fracture
Research Division:Engineering
Research Group:Civil engineering
Research Field:Civil geotechnical engineering
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in engineering
UTAS Author:Liu, H (Dr Hong Liu)
ID Code:150911
Year Published:2022
Deposited By:Engineering
Deposited On:2022-07-05
Last Modified:2022-09-02
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