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ENSO-Driven Ocean Extremes and Their Ecosystem Impacts

Citation

Holbrook, NJ and Claar, DC and Hobday, AJ and McInnes, KL and Oliver, ECJ and Sen Gupta, A and Widlansky, MJ and Zhang, X, ENSO-Driven Ocean Extremes and Their Ecosystem Impacts, El Nino Southern Oscillation in a Changing Climate, John Wiley & Sons Inc, MJ McPhaden, A Santoso and W Cai (ed), United States, pp. 409-428. ISBN 9781119548126 (2021) [Research Book Chapter]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2021 American Geophysical Union

DOI: doi:10.1002/9781119548164.ch18

Abstract

El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) events can cause extremes in the ocean environment that have substantial impacts on marine ecosystems. In the shallow-water/coastal marine environment, ENSO-related extremes in sea level and seawater temperature have been found to impact coral, kelp, seagrass, and mangrove ecosystems. Coastal impacts from sea level extremes include exposure of shallow-water ecosystems and inundation in low-lying areas. Ocean temperature extremes, including marine heatwaves, cause coral bleaching and can impact kelp and seagrass density. This chapter reviews knowledge and understanding of ENSO’s role in sea level extremes and ocean temperature extremes, and their impacts on these key shallow-water/coastal marine ecosystems.

Item Details

Item Type:Research Book Chapter
Keywords:ENSO, climate, ecosystem impacts, marine ecosystems
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Oceanography
Research Field:Physical oceanography
Objective Division:Environmental Policy, Climate Change and Natural Hazards
Objective Group:Understanding climate change
Objective Field:Understanding climate change not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Holbrook, NJ (Professor Neil Holbrook)
ID Code:150730
Year Published:2021
Deposited By:Oceans and Cryosphere
Deposited On:2022-06-27
Last Modified:2022-07-26
Downloads:0

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