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Seagrass restoration is possible: insights and lessons from Australia and New Zealand

Citation

Tan, YM and Dalby, O and Kendrick, GA and Statton, J and Sinclair, EA and Fraser, MW and Macreadie, PI and Gillies, CL and Coleman, RA and Waycott, M and van Dijk, KJ and Verges, A and Ross, JD and Campbell, ML and Matheson, FE and Jackson, EL and Irving, AD and Govers, LL and Connolly, RM and McLeod, IM and Rasheed, MA and Kirkman, H and Flindt, MR and Lange, T and Miller, AD and Sherman, CDH, Seagrass restoration is possible: insights and lessons from Australia and New Zealand, Frontiers in Marine Science, 7 Article 617. ISSN 2296-7745 (2020) [Refereed Article]


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DOI: doi:10.3389/fmars.2020.00617

Abstract

Seagrasses are important marine ecosystems situated throughout the world's coastlines. They are facing declines around the world due to global and local threats such as rising ocean temperatures, coastal development and pollution from sewage outfalls and agriculture. Efforts have been made to reduce seagrass loss through reducing local and regional stressors, and through active restoration. Seagrass restoration is a rapidly maturing discipline, but improved restoration practices are needed to enhance the success of future programs. Major gaps in knowledge remain, however, prior research efforts have provided valuable insights into factors influencing the outcomes of restoration and there are now several examples of successful large-scale restoration programs. A variety of tools and techniques have recently been developed that will improve the efficiency, cost effectiveness, and scalability of restoration programs. This review describes several restoration successes in Australia and New Zealand, with a focus on emerging techniques for restoration, key considerations for future programs, and highlights the benefits of increased collaboration, Traditional Owner (First Nation) and stakeholder engagement. Combined, these lessons and emerging approaches show that seagrass restoration is possible, and efforts should be directed at upscaling seagrass restoration into the future. This is critical for the future conservation of this important ecosystem and the ecological and coastal communities they support.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:seagrass ecosystems, coastal, climate change, marine plants, restoration
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Ecology
Research Field:Marine and estuarine ecology (incl. marine ichthyology)
Objective Division:Environmental Management
Objective Group:Coastal and estuarine systems and management
Objective Field:Assessment and management of coastal and estuarine ecosystems
UTAS Author:Ross, JD (Associate Professor Jeff Ross)
ID Code:150573
Year Published:2020
Web of Science® Times Cited:32
Deposited By:Sustainable Marine Research Collaboration
Deposited On:2022-06-21
Last Modified:2022-06-22
Downloads:5 View Download Statistics

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