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Pandemic refuges: Lessons from 2 years of COVID-19


Baum, Seth D and Adams, VM, Pandemic refuges: Lessons from 2 years of COVID-19, Risk Analysis pp. 1-9. ISSN 0272-4332 (2022) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2022 Society for Risk Analysis

DOI: doi:10.1111/risa.13953


This paper relates evidence from the COVID-19 pandemic to the concept of pandemic refuges, as developed in literature on global catastrophic risk. In this literature, a refuge is a place or facility designed to keep a portion of the population alive during extreme global catastrophes. COVID-19 is not the most extreme pandemic scenario, but it is nonetheless a very severe global event, and it therefore provides an important source of evidence. Through the first 2 years of the COVID-19 pandemic, several political jurisdictions have achieved low spread of COVID-19 via isolation from the rest of the world and can therefore classify as pandemic refuges. Their suppression and elimination of COVID-19 demonstrates the viability of pandemic refuges as a risk management measure. Whereas prior research emphasizes island nations as pandemic refuges, this paper uses case studies of China and Western Australia to show that other types of jurisdictions can also successfully function as pandemic refuges. The paper also refines the concept of pandemic refuges and discusses implications for future pandemics.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:global catastrophic risk, pandemics, refuges
Research Division:Human Society
Research Group:Policy and administration
Research Field:Risk policy
Objective Division:Environmental Policy, Climate Change and Natural Hazards
Objective Group:Other environmental policy, climate change and natural hazards
Objective Field:Other environmental policy, climate change and natural hazards not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Adams, VM (Associate Professor Vanessa Adams)
ID Code:150389
Year Published:2022
Web of Science® Times Cited:1
Deposited By:Geography and Spatial Science
Deposited On:2022-06-10
Last Modified:2022-10-28

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