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Assessment of different measurement methods/techniques in predicting modulus of elasticity of plantation eucalyptus nitens timber for structural purposes


Ettelaei, A and Taoum, A and Nolan, G, Assessment of different measurement methods/techniques in predicting modulus of elasticity of plantation eucalyptus nitens timber for structural purposes, Forests, 13, (4) pp. 1-17. ISSN 1999-4907 (2022) [Refereed Article]

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Copyright: 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) license (

DOI: doi:10.3390/f13040607


The mechanical properties of plantation Eucalyptus Nitens timber are currently assessed by applying visual stress grading (VSG) designed for the sawn timber from the mature plantation and do not represent the actual characteristics of the resource. However, the well-known limitation of VSG application for this resource led to the discovery of other methods to grade the timber to its relevant structural grade. There is potential for hardwood plantations in Australia to supply wood to the timber industry and be used in structural applications. However, it is necessary to employ criteria to evaluate the structural properties of this resource before it could be satisfactorily used for structural purposes. This research aimed to assess the use of non-destructive technique (NDT) through acoustic wave velocity (AWV), machine stress grading (MSG), and multiple linear regression (MLR) model to predict the modulus of elasticity (MOE) as a grade-determining factor. The results showed that there was a strong correlation (R2 = 0.88) between the dynamic MOE (MOEdyn) and static MOE (MOEs) of the boards, proving the NDT as a reliable method for the MOE estimations of E. nitens timber. The results from the MLR model also showed that the density and AWV are effective parameters and their combination can be practical to estimate the MOE. There was a high correlation between the MOE obtained from MSG and MOE obtained from four-point bending, demonstrating that the MSG method through the flat-wise bending can be a suitable method for fast grading. The results also indicated that the measured MOE in the edgewise direction correlates with both the flatwise and longitudinal directions. The results also showed that the E. nitens timber resource has the potential to be used in structural applications with a wide range of MOE from 7 GPa to 21 GPa. View Full-Text

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:eucalyptus nitens, structural applications, hardwood plantation, structural grading, modulus of elasticity
Research Division:Engineering
Research Group:Civil engineering
Research Field:Structural engineering
Objective Division:Construction
Objective Group:Construction materials performance and processes
Objective Field:Timber materials
UTAS Author:Ettelaei, A ( Azin Ettelaei)
UTAS Author:Taoum, A (Dr Assaad Taoum)
UTAS Author:Nolan, G (Professor Gregory Nolan)
ID Code:150324
Year Published:2022
Web of Science® Times Cited:2
Deposited By:Architecture and Design
Deposited On:2022-06-08
Last Modified:2022-09-07

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