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Early mild stress along with lipid improves the stress responsiveness of oscar (Astronotus ocellatus)

Citation

Esmaeili, M and Hosseini, H and Zare, M and Akhavan, SR and Rombenso, A, Early mild stress along with lipid improves the stress responsiveness of oscar (Astronotus ocellatus), Aquaculture Nutrition, 2022 Article 8991678. ISSN 1353-5773 (2022) [Refereed Article]


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DOI: doi:10.1155/2022/8991678

Abstract

Early-life exposure to mild stressors can assist animals in coping with more stressful events in later life. This study was aimed at investigating how early stress and dietary lipid contents affect growth, hematology, blood biochemistry, immunological responses, antioxidant system, liver enzymes, and stress responses of oscar (Astronotus ocellatus) ( g). Six experimental treatments were HL0Stress (high-lipid diet and without stress), HL2Stresses (high-lipid diet and two-week stress), HL4Stresses (high-lipid diet and four-week stress), LL0Stress (low-lipid diet and without stress), LL2Stresses (low-lipid diet and two-week stress), and LL4Stresses (low-lipid diet and four-week stress). During the ten-week trial, fish fed high-lipid diets grew faster ( vs. ) and had a lower feed conversion ratio (2.21 vs. 2.60) than those fed low-lipid diets (). After acute confinement stress (AC stress), high-lipid groups had higher survival than low-lipid treatments (81.25% vs 72.92%) (). Fish subjected to two-time stress (2Stresses) had a higher survival rate after AC stress (90.63% vs. 62.50%), hematocrit, white blood cell, blood performance, total protein, high-density lipoproteins, cholesterol, triglyceride, alternative complement activity (ACH50), superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase, and alkaline phosphatase levels than those not stressed (). Contrariwise, glucose, cortisol, alanine aminotransferase, and aspartate aminotransferase levels were significantly lower in the 2Stresses groups compared with 0Stress fish (). Collectively, these findings suggest stressing the signs of adaptation in 2Stresses fish. However, a higher number of early stress events (4Stresses) appears to exceed the threshold of manageable stress levels for this species. In conclusion, the HL2Stresses group outperformed the other treatments in terms of growth, health status, and stress responsiveness. Although fish welfare must be considered, these results suggest that early mild stress can result in a greater survival rate after fish are exposed to later acute stress.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:antioxidant response, blood performance, blood biochemistry, immune system, stress physiology
Research Division:Agricultural, Veterinary and Food Sciences
Research Group:Fisheries sciences
Research Field:Aquaculture
Objective Division:Animal Production and Animal Primary Products
Objective Group:Fisheries - aquaculture
Objective Field:Aquaculture fin fish (excl. tuna)
UTAS Author:Esmaeili, M (Mr Moha Esmaeili)
ID Code:150285
Year Published:2022
Deposited By:Fisheries and Aquaculture
Deposited On:2022-06-06
Last Modified:2022-06-08
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