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Evolving marginal terranes during Neoproterozoic supercontinent reorganization: constraints from the Bemarivo Domain in northern Madagascar


Armistead, SE and Collins, AS and Merdith, AS and Payne, JL and Cox, GM and Foden, JD and Razakamanana, T and De Waele, B, Evolving marginal terranes during Neoproterozoic supercontinent reorganization: constraints from the Bemarivo Domain in northern Madagascar, Tectonics, 38, (6) pp. 2019-2035. ISSN 0278-7407 (2019) [Refereed Article]

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©2019. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved.

DOI: doi:10.1029/2018TC005384


Madagascar is a key area for unraveling the geodynamic evolution of the transition between the Rodinia and Gondwana supercontinents as it contains several suites of c. 850–700 Ma magmatic rocks that have been postulated to correlate with other Rodinian terranes. The Bemarivo Domain of northern Madagascar contains the youngest of these units that date to c. 750–700 Ma. We present zircon Hf and O isotope data to understand northern Madagascar's place in the Neoproterozoic plate tectonic reconfiguration. We demonstrate that the northern component of the Bemarivo Domain is distinct from the southern part of the Bemarivo Domain and have therefore assigned new names—the Bobakindro Terrane and Marojejy Terrane, respectively. Magmatic rocks of the Marojejy Terrane and Anaboriana Belt are characterized by evolved εHf(t) signatures and a range of δ18O values, similar to the Imorona-Itsindro Suite of central Madagascar. These magmatic suites likely formed together in the same long-lived volcanic arc. In contrast, the Bobakindro Terrane contains juvenile εHf(t) and mantle-like δ18O values, with no probable link to the rest of Madagascar. We propose that the Bobakindro Terrane formed in a juvenile arc system that included the Seychelles, the Malani Igneous Suite of northwest India, Oman, and the Yangtze Belt of south China, which at the time were all outboard from continental India and south China. The final assembly of northern Madagascar and amalgamation of the Bobakindro Terrane and Marojejy Terrane occurred along the Antsaba subduction zone, with collision occurring at c. 540 Ma.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:tectonics, Gondwana, Rodinia, U-Pb, Lu-Hf, plate reconstruction, GPlates
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Geology
Research Field:Structural geology and tectonics
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the earth sciences
UTAS Author:Armistead, SE (Dr Sheree Armistead)
ID Code:150156
Year Published:2019
Web of Science® Times Cited:21
Deposited By:Oceans and Cryosphere
Deposited On:2022-05-30
Last Modified:2022-08-15
Downloads:3 View Download Statistics

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