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A re-evaluation of the Kumta Suture in western peninsular India and its extension into Madagascar


Armistead, SE and Collins, AS and Payne, JL and Foden, JD and De Waele, B and Shaji, E and Santosh, M, A re-evaluation of the Kumta Suture in western peninsular India and its extension into Madagascar, Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 157 pp. 317-328. ISSN 1367-9120 (2018) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

2017 Elsevier Ltd.

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.jseaes.2017.08.020


It has long been recognised that Madagascar was contiguous with India until the Late Cretaceous. However, the timing and nature of the amalgamation of these two regions remain highly contentious as is the location of Madagascar against India in Gondwana. Here we address these issues with new U-Pb and Lu-Hf zircon data from five metasedimentary samples from the Karwar Block of India and new Lu-Hf data from eight previously dated igneous rocks from central Madagascar and the Antongil-Masora domains of eastern Madagascar. New U-Pb data from Karwar-region detrital zircon grains yield two dominant age peaks at c. 3100Ma and c. 2500Ma. The c. 3100Ma population has relatively juvenile εHf(t) values that trend toward an evolved signature at c. 2500Ma. The c. 2500Ma population shows a wide range of εHf(t) values reflecting mixing of an evolved source with a juvenile source at that time. These data, and the new Lu-Hf data from Madagascar, are compared with our new compilation of over 7000 U-Pb and 1000 Lu-Hf analyses from Madagascar and India. We have used multidimensional scaling to assess similarities in these data in a statistically robust way. We propose that the Karwar Block of western peninsular India is an extension of the western Dharwar Craton and not part of the Antananarivo Domain of Madagascar as has been suggested in some models. Based on εHf(t) signatures we also suggest that India (and the Antongil-Masora domains of Madagascar) were palaeogeographically isolated from central Madagascar (the Antananarivo Domain) during the Palaeoproterozoic. This supports a model where central Madagascar and India amalgamated during the Neoproterozoic along the Betsimisaraka Suture.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:geochronology, multi-dimensional scaling, detrital zircon, U-Pb, Lu-Hf, Gondwana
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Geology
Research Field:Structural geology and tectonics
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the earth sciences
UTAS Author:Armistead, SE (Dr Sheree Armistead)
ID Code:150154
Year Published:2018
Web of Science® Times Cited:10
Deposited By:Oceans and Cryosphere
Deposited On:2022-05-30
Last Modified:2022-10-20

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