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Increased knowledge of adult-onset dystonia amongst medical students via brief video education: a systematic review and cohort study


Khan, S and Sowemimo, N and Alty, J and Cosgrove, J, Increased knowledge of adult-onset dystonia amongst medical students via brief video education: a systematic review and cohort study, Geriatrics, 7, (3) Article 58. ISSN 2308-3417 (2022) [Refereed Article]

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Copyright: © 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) license (

DOI: doi:10.3390/geriatrics7030058


Most doctors have limited knowledge of dystonia, a movement disorder that can affect people of all ages; this contributes to diagnostic delay and poor quality of life. We investigated whether a brief educational intervention could improve knowledge of dystonia amongst medical students. We conducted a systematic review on undergraduate knowledge of dystonia and created an eight-minute video on the condition. We invited medical students at the University of Leeds, UK, to answer 15 multiple choice questions before and immediately after watching the video, and again one month later. Only one previous study specifically assessed medical studentsí knowledge of dystonia whilst five others tested their knowledge of movement disorders, or neurology generally, with some questions on dystonia. Of the University of Leeds medical students, 87 (100%), 77 (89%) and 40 (46%) completed the baseline, immediate-recall and delayed-recall questionnaires, respectively. The mean score for students who completed all three questionnaires increased from 7.7 (out of 15) to 12.5 on the immediate-recall questionnaire (p < 0.001), and to 10.1 on the delayed-recall questionnaire (p < 0.001). At baseline, 76% of students rated their confidence in recognising dystonia as low. After watching the video, 78% rated their confidence as a high, and none rated it low. A brief video improved their knowledge substantially, with sustained effects. This method could be incorporated into medical curricula to reduce diagnostic delays.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:teaching, medical education, dystonia, neurology, curriculum, online
Research Division:Health Sciences
Research Group:Health services and systems
Research Field:Health management
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical health
Objective Field:Diagnosis of human diseases and conditions
UTAS Author:Alty, J (Associate Professor Jane Alty)
ID Code:150099
Year Published:2022
Deposited By:Wicking Dementia Research and Education Centre
Deposited On:2022-05-21
Last Modified:2022-09-20
Downloads:6 View Download Statistics

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