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The super wicked problem of ocean health: a socio-ecological and behavioural perspective


de Salas, K and Scott, JL and Schuz, B and Norris, K, The super wicked problem of ocean health: a socio-ecological and behavioural perspective, Philosophical Transactions B., 377, (1854) pp. 1-14. ISSN 0962-8436 (2022) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

© 2022 The Author(s) Published by the Royal Society.

DOI: doi:10.1098/rstb.2021.0271


We are dependent on our oceans for economic, health and social benefits; however, demands on our oceans are escalating, and the state of the oceans is deteriorating. Only 2% of countries are on track to achieve the desired outcomes for the sustainable development goal (SDG 14) for the oceans by 2030, and the changes needed to prevent further degradation, or limit the impact of existing degradation, are not being undertaken fast enough. This paper uses a socio-ecological lens to explore the nature of actors and behaviours for change at the local, community, state, national and international levels, and introduces the need for technology, information- and knowledge-sharing, and policy as interconnected mediators, that work both in concert, and independently, to address the ‘super wicked’ problem of ocean health and to promote resilience. We recommend the need to develop transformational teams and leaders, as well as transformative policies within a holistic and integrated system to ensure ocean health initiatives are greater than the sum of their parts and are actual, realistic, achievable and evidence-informed pathways to change.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:behaviour, ocean health, resilience, sustainability, wicked problem
Research Division:Information and Computing Sciences
Research Group:Human-centred computing
Research Field:Mixed initiative and human-in-the-loop
Objective Division:Environmental Policy, Climate Change and Natural Hazards
Objective Group:Environmental policy, legislation and standards
Objective Field:Environmental policy, legislation and standards not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:de Salas, K (Associate Professor Kristy de Salas)
UTAS Author:Scott, JL (Professor Jenn Scott)
UTAS Author:Norris, K (Professor Kimberley Norris)
ID Code:150065
Year Published:2022
Web of Science® Times Cited:1
Deposited By:Information and Communication Technology
Deposited On:2022-05-17
Last Modified:2023-01-09

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