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Use, calibration and verification of agroecological models for boreal environments: A review

Citation

Forster, D and Helama, S and Harrison, MT and Rotz, CA and Chang, J and Ciais, P and Pattey, E and Virkajarvi, P and Shurpali, N, Use, calibration and verification of agroecological models for boreal environments: A review, Grassland Research ISSN 2770-1743 (2022) [Refereed Article]


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DOI: doi:10.1002/glr2.12010

Abstract

Background

Past assessments report negative impacts of the climate crisis in boreal areas; but milder and shorter winters and elevated atmospheric CO2 may provide opportunities for agricultural productivity potentially playing a significant role in future food security. Arable cropping systems are expanding in boreal areas, but the regional mainstay will likely continue to be livestock production. Agroecological models can when appropriately calibrated and evaluated, facilitate improved productivity while minimising environmental impacts by identifying system interactions, and quantifying greenhouse gas emissions, soil carbon stocks and fertiliser use. While models designed for temperate and tropical zones abound, few are developed specifically for boreal zones, and there is uncertainty around the performance of existing models in boreal areas.

Methods

We reviewed model performance across boreal environments and management systems.

Results

We identified a dearth of modelling studies in boreal regions, with the publication of three or less papers per year since the year 2000, constituting a significant research gap.

Conclusions

Models IFSM and BASGRA_N performed best in grassland production, DNDC best in predicting soil N2O and NH3 emissions. No model outperformed all others, strengthening the case for ensemble modelling. Existing agroecological models would be worthy of further evaluation, providing model improvements designed for boreal systems.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:boreal, permafrost, melting, ice, grassland, Nordic, Finland, Norway, livestock, greenhouse gas emissions, nitrous oxide, soil carbon, methane, nitrogen, fertilizer, pasture, grazing, croplands, agroecology, carbon capture, net-zero, carbon neutral
Research Division:Agricultural, Veterinary and Food Sciences
Research Group:Agriculture, land and farm management
Research Field:Agricultural land management
Objective Division:Environmental Policy, Climate Change and Natural Hazards
Objective Group:Mitigation of climate change
Objective Field:Management of greenhouse gas emissions from animal production
UTAS Author:Harrison, MT (Associate Professor Matthew Harrison)
ID Code:149790
Year Published:2022
Deposited By:TIA - Research Institute
Deposited On:2022-04-13
Last Modified:2022-05-05
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