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Emerging spatial curvature can resolve the tension between high-redshift CMB and low-redshift distance ladder measurements of the Hubble constant


Bolejko, K, Emerging spatial curvature can resolve the tension between high-redshift CMB and low-redshift distance ladder measurements of the Hubble constant, Physical Review D, 97 Article 103529. ISSN 2470-0010 (2018) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2018 American Physical Society

DOI: doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.97.103529


The measurements of the Hubble constant reveal a tension between high-redshift (CMB) and low-redshift (distance ladder) constraints. So far neither observational systematics nor new physics has been successfully implemented to explain away this tension. This paper presents a new solution to the Hubble constant problem. The solution is based on the Simsilun simulation (relativistic simulation of the large scale structure of the Universe) with the ray-tracing algorithm implemented. The initial conditions for the Simsilun simulation were set up as perturbations around the ΛCDM model. However, unlike in the standard cosmological model (i.e., ΛCDM model+perturbations), within the Simsilun simulation relativistic and nonlinear evolution of cosmic structures lead to the phenomenon of emerging spatial curvature, where the mean spatial curvature evolves from the spatial flatness of the early Universe towards the slightly curved present-day Universe. Consequently, the present-day expansion rate is slightly faster compared to the spatially flat ΛCDM model. The results of the ray-tracing analysis show that the Universe which starts with initial conditions consistent with the Planck constraints should have the Hubble constant H0=72.5±2.1 km s-1 Mpc-1. When the Simsilun simulation was rerun with no inhomogeneities imposed, the Hubble constant inferred within such a homogeneous simulation was H0=68.1±2.0 km s-1 Mpc-1. Thus, the inclusion of nonlinear relativistic evolution that leads to the emergence of the spatial curvature can explain why the low-redshift measurements favor higher values compared to the high-redshift constraints and alleviate the tension between the CMB and distance ladder measurements of the Hubble constant.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:gravitation, cosmology, astrophysics, large scale structure of the universe, particle dark matter
Research Division:Physical Sciences
Research Group:Astronomical sciences
Research Field:Cosmology and extragalactic astronomy
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the physical sciences
UTAS Author:Bolejko, K (Dr Krzysztof Bolejko)
ID Code:149756
Year Published:2018
Funding Support:Australian Research Council (FT140101270)
Web of Science® Times Cited:48
Deposited By:Physics
Deposited On:2022-04-10
Last Modified:2022-05-05

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