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Why are we still queuing? Exploring landside congestion factors in Australian bulk cargo port terminals


Neagoe, M and Hvolby, HH and Turner, P, Why are we still queuing? Exploring landside congestion factors in Australian bulk cargo port terminals, Maritime Transport Research, 2 Article 100036. ISSN 2666-822X (2021) [Refereed Article]


Copyright Statement

Copyright 2021 The Authors Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.martra.2021.100036


This empirical research improves the understanding of landside congestion factors in bulk cargo port terminals. It presents a model for identifying factors and interactions contributing to congestion severity.

Ports play critical roles at the intersection of multiple independent supply chains and have an enormous potential to improve supply chains' competitiveness. However, this point of intersection for supply chains also creates significant coordination challenges best exemplified by the presence of landside congestion. Although landside congestion is an issue that plagues many ports and terminals, research on congestion remains limited, especially in bulk cargo port terminals. This lack of research may also partially explain the dominance of market-based mechanisms for managing congestion. Importantly, market-based approaches often fail or shift congestion to other parts of the supply chain because they are not aligned with the causal factors and their interactions that contribute to congestion.

This paper analyses three case studies. Each case centres on an Australian bulk cargo port terminal for forest products and its associated landside supply chain. The research findings identify social, technical and behavioral factors and their different types of interactions at the terminal and related supply chains and reveal how these factors contribute to the appearance and severity of landside congestion. Based on these findings, the paper presents a new definition of landside congestion and a model for identifying and understanding interactions among congestion factors. Improved knowledge of landside congestion can refine congestion management through contextually tailored solutions depending on the factorsí presence and interactions.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:congestion factors, maritime logistics, bulk cargo port terminals, congestion management, terminal appointment systems
Research Division:Information and Computing Sciences
Research Group:Information systems
Research Field:Information systems organisation and management
Objective Division:Information and Communication Services
Objective Group:Information systems, technologies and services
Objective Field:Information systems
UTAS Author:Neagoe, M (Mr Mihai Neagoe)
UTAS Author:Turner, P (Associate Professor Paul Turner)
ID Code:149747
Year Published:2021
Deposited By:Information and Communication Technology
Deposited On:2022-04-09
Last Modified:2022-05-06
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