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Simple intermittent resistance activity mitigates the detrimental effect of prolonged unbroken sitting on arterial function in overweight and obese adults

Citation

Climie, RE and Wheeler, MJ and Grace, M and Lambert, E and Cohen, N and Owen, N and Kingwell, B and Dunstan, DW and Green, DJ, Simple intermittent resistance activity mitigates the detrimental effect of prolonged unbroken sitting on arterial function in overweight and obese adults, Journal of Applied Physiology, 125, (6) pp. 1787-1794. ISSN 8750-7587 (2018) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Š 2018 the American Physiological Society

DOI: doi:10.1152/japplphysiol.00544.2018

Abstract

Prolonged sitting contributes to cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. The underlying mechanisms are unknown, but may include changes in arterial function and vasoactive mediators. We examined the effects of prolonged unbroken sitting, relative to regular active interruptions to sitting time, on arterial function in adults at increased CVD risk. In a randomized crossover trial, 19 sedentary overweight/obese adults (meanąSD 57ą12 yrs), completed two laboratory-based conditions: five hours uninterrupted sitting (SIT) and; five hours sitting interrupted every 30 minutes by three minutes of simple resistance activities (SRA). Femoral artery function (flow mediated dilation; FMD), blood flow and shear rate were measured at zero hour, 30 minutes, one, two and five hours. Brachial FMD was assessed at zero and five hours. Plasma was collected hourly for measurement of endothelin-1 (ET-1), nitrates/nitrites, vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1). There was a significant decline in femoral artery FMD, averaged over five hours in the SIT condition, relative to SRA (p<0.001). Plasma ET-1 total AUC over five hours increased in the SIT condition compared to SRA (p=0.006). There was no significant difference between conditions in femoral or brachial shear rate, brachial FMD, nitrates/nitrites, VCAM-1 or ICAM-1 (p>0.05 for all). Five hours of prolonged sitting, relative to regular interruptions to sitting time, impaired femoral artery vasodilator function and increased circulating ET-1 in overweight/obese adults. There is the need to build on this evidence beyond acute observations to better understand the potential longer-term vascular-related consequences of prolonged sitting.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:obesity, arteries, blood flow, blood pressure, sedentary lifestyle, vascular ageing, sitting
Research Division:Biomedical and Clinical Sciences
Research Group:Cardiovascular medicine and haematology
Research Field:Cardiology (incl. cardiovascular diseases)
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical health
Objective Field:Prevention of human diseases and conditions
UTAS Author:Climie, RE (Dr Rachel Climie)
ID Code:149567
Year Published:2018
Web of Science® Times Cited:28
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2022-04-04
Last Modified:2022-05-20
Downloads:1 View Download Statistics

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