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Association between type 2 diabetes and long-term outcomes in middle-aged and older trauma patients


Daly, SL and Gabbe, BJ and Climie, RE and Ekegren, CL, Association between type 2 diabetes and long-term outcomes in middle-aged and older trauma patients, Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery, 92, (1) pp. 185-192. ISSN 2163-0755 (2022) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2021 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.

DOI: doi:10.1097/TA.0000000000003317



Diabetes is associated with increased hospital complications and mortality following trauma. However, there is limited research on the longer-term recovery of trauma patients with diabetes. The aim of this study was to explore the association between type 2 diabetes (T2D) and in-hospital and 24-month outcomes in major trauma patients.


In this cohort study using the Victorian State Trauma Registry, middle-aged and older adults (≥45 years) with major trauma were followed up at 24 months postinjury. Logistic regression (univariable and multivariable) analyses were used to determine the association between diabetes status and 24-month patient-reported outcomes. In-hospital outcomes were compared between groups using χ2 tests.


Of the 11,490 participants who survived to hospital discharge, 8,493 survived to 24 months postinjury and were followed up at that time point: 953 people (11%) with and 7540 (89%) without T2D. People with T2D had a higher in-hospital death rate (19%) compared with people without T2D (16%; p < 0.001). After adjusting for confounders, people with T2D had poorer outcomes 24 months postinjury than people without T2D, with respect to functional recovery (Glasgow Outcome Scale Extended) (adjusted odds ratio [AOR], 0.58; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.480.69) and return to work/study (AOR, 0.51; 95% CI, 0.370.71]). People with T2D experienced higher odds of problems with mobility (AOR, 1.92; 95% CI, 1.602.30), self-care (AOR, 1.94; 95% CI, 1.64, 2.29), usual activities (AOR, 1.50; 95% CI, 1.261.79), pain and discomfort (AOR, 1.75; 95% CI, 1.492.07), anxiety and depression (AOR, 1.45; 95% CI, 1.24, 1.70), and self-reported disability (AOR, 1.51; 95% CI, 1.281.79) than people without T2D.


Major trauma patients with T2D have a poorer prognosis than patients without T2D, both during their hospital admission and 24 months postinjury. Patients with T2D may need additional health care and support following trauma to reach their recovery potential.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Type 2 diabetes, major trauma, injury, patient-reported outcomes, hospital outcomes
Research Division:Biomedical and Clinical Sciences
Research Group:Cardiovascular medicine and haematology
Research Field:Cardiology (incl. cardiovascular diseases)
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical health
Objective Field:Prevention of human diseases and conditions
UTAS Author:Climie, RE (Dr Rachel Climie)
ID Code:149546
Year Published:2022
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2022-04-04
Last Modified:2022-05-24

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