eCite Digital Repository
Service system well-being: scale development and validation
Laud, G and Chou, CY and Leo, Cheryl, Service system well-being: scale development and validation, Journal of Service Management pp. 1-35. ISSN 1757-5818 (2022) [Refereed Article]
© Emerald Publishing Limited 2022
Purpose: Recent marketing research provides conceptual models to investigate the well-being of collectives, but service system well-being (SSW) remains untested empirically. This research conceptualises and develops a measure for SSW at the micro, meso and macro levels.
Design/methodology/approach: Using a series of studies, a multidimensional SSW scale is developed and validated to ensure its generalisability. After the development of preliminary items, Study 1 (N = 435 of service employees) was used to purify items using factor analyses. Study 2 (N = 592 of service employees) used Structural equation modelling (SEM) with AMOS and SmartPLS to test the scale's dimensionality, reliability, and validity.
Findings: The results confirm the validity and reliability of the nine dimensions of SSW. The measure was validated as a third-order micro-, meso- and macro-level construct. The dimensions of existential and transformative well-being contribute to micro-level well-being. The dimensions of social, community and collaborative well-being contribute to meso-level well-being. Government, leadership, strategic and resource well-being drive macro-level well-being. In addition, a nomological network was specified to assess the impact of SSW on service actor life satisfaction and customer orientation.
Research implications: We contribute to services literature by theorising SSW as a hierarchical structure and empirically validating the dimensions and micro-meso-macro levels that contribute to SSW.
Practical implications: The SSW scale is a useful diagnostic tool for assessing levels of well-being across different systems and providing insights that can develop strategies and programs to improve the well-being of collectives.
Originality/value: The research is the first study to theorise the micro-meso and macro levels of service system well-being and operationally validate the SSW construct.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Keywords:||collective well-being scale, service system well-being, scale development, multilevel, multidimensional scale, multilevel|
|Research Division:||Commerce, Management, Tourism and Services|
|Research Field:||Service marketing|
|Objective Division:||Expanding Knowledge|
|Objective Group:||Expanding knowledge|
|Objective Field:||Expanding knowledge in commerce, management, tourism and services|
|UTAS Author:||Laud, G (Dr Gauri Laud)|
|Web of Science® Times Cited:||2|
Repository Staff Only: item control page