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Decision Making in the Context of Funding Cancer Therapy

Citation

de Graaff, B and Cox, I, Decision Making in the Context of Funding Cancer Therapy, Handbook of Quality of Life in Cancer, Springer, Cham, Angelos P. Kassianos (ed), London, pp. 223-233. ISBN 978-3-030-84702-9 (2022) [Research Book Chapter]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2022 Springer

DOI: doi:10.1007/978-3-030-84702-9

Abstract

Many new cancer treatments come at a high cost. In numerous countries, governments subsidise these treatments so patients can access them at no cost, or at a fraction of the market price. Whilst this is an excellent outcome for patients, this chapter considers the health economic aspects of decisions to fund such treatments. Governments, like us, do not have bottomless buckets of money. Therefore, decisions must be made that aim to provide the best health outcomes for the population, given the available resources (e.g., money). Health economic evaluations provide important information that is used to in this decision-making process. This chapter provides an introduction to health economic evaluations, and how measures of quality of life are incorporated. The concept of health state utility values - a measure of quality of life - will be introduced, along with different approaches to measuring these values. The chapter will then demonstrate how these health state utility values are incorporated into a measure of both quantity and quality of life: The Quality Adjusted Life Year (QALY). Finally, we will discuss an overall measure of the cost-effectiveness of treatments, and society’s willingness to pay for these.

Item Details

Item Type:Research Book Chapter
Keywords:cancer, quality of life, health economics, cost utility analysis, quality adjusted life years, incremental cost effectiveness ratio, willingness to pay threshold
Research Division:Biomedical and Clinical Sciences
Research Group:Oncology and carcinogenesis
Research Field:Cancer therapy (excl. chemotherapy and radiation therapy)
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Public health (excl. specific population health)
Objective Field:Public health (excl. specific population health) not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:de Graaff, B (Dr Barbara de Graaff)
UTAS Author:Cox, I (Dr Ingrid Cox)
ID Code:149516
Year Published:2022
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2022-04-04
Last Modified:2022-07-15
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