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Systemic and personal factors that affect students' elective language other than English enrollment decisions


Clayton, SM, Systemic and personal factors that affect students' elective language other than English enrollment decisions, Foreign Language Annals ISSN 0015-718X (2022) [Refereed Article]

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Copyright Statement

2022 The Authors. Foreign Language Annals published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of ACTFL. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) License, ( which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non‐commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.

DOI: doi:10.1111/flan.12605


In a world where English has achieved global dominance, it is unsurprising that the instrumental value of learning a language other than English (LOTE) for those already fluent in English is increasingly deemed unnecessary. There are significant enrollment declines postcompulsory second language (L2) learning in all English-speaking countries. To explore the common Australian "monolingual mindset" and students' reasons for (not) enrolling in elective LOTE subjects, a mixed methodology study was conducted with Tasmanian Year 912 students. While the findings highlighted the main (de)motivators experienced by students, one key finding was the lost cohort of students who want to study a LOTE but are prevented from doing so by personal and systemic barriers. A complex interplay of factors affects student decision-making regarding elective LOTE enrollment. This article focuses upon those students who were forced to discontinue their languages study and the untold story of elective LOTE enrollment decline.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:LOTE; L2, L2 motivational self system, motivation, elective subject choice
Research Division:Education
Research Group:Curriculum and pedagogy
Research Field:LOTE, ESL and TESOL curriculum and pedagogy
Objective Division:Education and Training
Objective Group:Learner and learning
Objective Field:Secondary education
UTAS Author:Clayton, SM (Dr Stephanie Clayton)
ID Code:149430
Year Published:2022
Deposited By:Education
Deposited On:2022-03-30
Last Modified:2022-05-11
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