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A global, spherical finite-element model for post-seismic deformation using Abaqus

Citation

Nield, GA and King, MA and Steffen, R and Blank, B, A global, spherical finite-element model for post-seismic deformation using Abaqus, Geoscientific Model Development, 15, (6) pp. 2489-2503. ISSN 1991-9603 (2022) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

Author(s) 2022. This work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) License. (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/)

DOI: doi:10.5194/gmd-15-2489-2022

Abstract

We present a finite-element model of post-seismic solid Earth deformation built in the software package Abaqus (version 2018). The model is global and spherical, includes self-gravitation and is built for the purpose of calculating post-seismic deformation in the far field (>~ 300 km) of major earthquakes. An earthquake is simulated by prescribing slip on a fault plane in the mesh and the model relaxes under the resulting change in stress. Both linear Maxwell and biviscous (Burgers) rheological models have been implemented and the model can be easily adapted to include different rheological models and lateral variations in Earth structure, a particular advantage over existing models. We benchmark the model against an analytical coseismic solution and an existing open-source post-seismic model code, demonstrating good agreement for all fault geometries tested. Due to the inclusion of self-gravity, the model has the potential for predicting deformation in response to multiple sources of stress change, for example, changing ice thickness in tectonically active regions.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Geology
Research Field:Structural geology and tectonics
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the earth sciences
UTAS Author:Nield, GA (Dr Grace Nield)
UTAS Author:King, MA (Professor Matt King)
ID Code:149341
Year Published:2022
Funding Support:Australian Research Council (DP170100224)
Deposited By:Geography and Spatial Science
Deposited On:2022-03-25
Last Modified:2022-04-08
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