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Marine Protected Area Zoning


Ford, A and Razak, TB and Hakim, AR and Iqbal, M and Rusandi, EA and Hakim, A and Sapari, A and Amkieltiela, A and Fauzi, MN and Krueck, NC and Lazuardi, ME and McGowan, J and Andradi-Brown, DA, Marine Protected Area Zoning, Management of Marine Protected Areas in Indonesia: Status and Challenges, Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries (MMAF) in collaboration with World Wildlife Fund, Jakarta, pp. 153-170. (2020) [Other Book Chapter]

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To balance multiple objectives such as biodiversity conservation and sustainable fisheries Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) often spatially divide their area into distinct zones with different permitted/ allowed activities. Here we provide an overview of MPA zonation in Indonesia, reviewing the different types of zones implemented and the process by which zonation is implemented and revised. Based on available zonation plans, we find that 4% of the overall Indonesian MPA area is designated as a "Core Zone" where fishing is restricted. However, the extent of non-extractive area for these MPAs increases to approximately 11% after accounting for all non-extractive zones (e.g. Core Zones, Protection Zones, and Tourism Zones). We discuss challenges in the MPA zonation process for Indonesia and MPAs more generally, including recommended targets for non-extractive area, compliance, balancing the need of local communities, and considerations around power dynamics when conducting zonation. With MPAs used as a tool to increase sustainable fisheries management, addressing these challenges is key to securing the future of MPAs in Indonesia and globally.

Item Details

Item Type:Other Book Chapter
Keywords:marine conservation, biodiversity conservation, marine protected areas, mpas, marine reserves, fisheries
Research Division:Environmental Sciences
Research Group:Environmental management
Research Field:Conservation and biodiversity
Objective Division:Environmental Management
Objective Group:Coastal and estuarine systems and management
Objective Field:Coastal or estuarine biodiversity
UTAS Author:Krueck, NC (Dr Nils Krueck)
ID Code:149315
Year Published:2020
Deposited By:Sustainable Marine Research Collaboration
Deposited On:2022-03-24
Last Modified:2022-03-28
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