Design, analysis and experimental verification of a high voltage gain and high-efficiency DC-DC converter for photovoltaic applications
Hassan, W and Lu, Y and Farhangi, M and Lu, DD-C and Xiao, W, Design, analysis and experimental verification of a high voltage gain and high-efficiency DC-DC converter for photovoltaic applications, IET Renewable Power Generation, 14, (10) pp. 1699-1709. ISSN 1752-1416 (2020) [Refereed Article]
With the rapid development of photovoltaic systems, high step-up dc–dc converters draw significant attention, which shows the design challenges for simple topology, high efficiency, reduce voltage stress, and long lifespan. This study proposes a new high voltage gain converter that utilises the primary boost conversion cell and integrates with both switched-capacitor and coupled-inductor techniques. The proposed topology is modular and extendable for ultra-high step-up voltage gain. The leakage energy is recycled by a clamp circuit to minimise the switch voltage stress and power loss. One distinctive feature is that the voltage stress on the diodes and switch becomes low as well as constant against the variation of the duty cycle. Furthermore, the coupled inductor alleviates the diodes reverse recovery losses. The steady-state analyses, operation principles, and design guidelines are presented comprehensively. A prototype circuit is constructed to test the maximum power point tracking operation with voltage conversion from 30 to 380 V at 300 W. Experimental results substantiate the theoretical analysis and claimed advantages. The proposed converter demonstrates maximum power point tracking capability and high conversion efficiency over a wide range of power. The prototype shows the weighted efficiency of 96.3% according to the EU standard.
power converters, solar photovoltaic power system, DC microgrids