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Species-specific effects of herbivorous fishes on the establishment of the macroalga Lobophora on coral reefs

Citation

Puk, LD and Cernohorsky, N and Marshell, A and Dwyer, J and Wolfe, K and Mumby, PJ, Species-specific effects of herbivorous fishes on the establishment of the macroalga Lobophora on coral reefs, Marine Ecology Progress Series, 637 pp. 1-14. ISSN 0171-8630 (2020) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

The authors 2020. Open Access under Creative Commons 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) Attribution Licence (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). Use, distribution and reproduction are unrestricted. Authors and original publication must be credited.

DOI: doi:10.3354/meps13262

Abstract

Herbivory is a key ecosystem function that influences ecosystem trajectories. However, interactions between plants and herbivores are species-specific and change throughout the plantsí lifetime. On coral reefs, herbivorous fishes reduce competition between corals and macroalgae through their grazing activity, thereby regulating the ecosystem state. Grazing vulnerability of marine algae generally decreases with increasing algal size. Therefore, the removal of newly settled recruits by herbivorous fish is likely important in preventing macroalgal blooms and reducing competition with corals. We studied the grazing susceptibility of recruits of the brown macroalga Lobophora to multiple fish species through a combination of feeding observations and manipulative in situ and ex situ experiments. Further, we recorded short-term Lobophora growth patterns and adult survival over 9 wk. Lobophora recruits were more susceptible to herbivory than adults, likely owing to their smaller size. However, recruit mortality was driven by only 3 of the studied species: Acanthurus nigrofuscus, Scarus niger and Chlorurus spilurus, whereas other common herbivores did not remove any Lobophora recruits. Our data also suggest variable growth and recruitment among months. These findings point to a possible increase in grazing resistance with age for Lobophora. As such, a decrease in grazing pressure by key fish species controlling Lobophora recruits could permit Lobophora to establish more grazing-tolerant adult populations.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:ontogeny, algae, herbivory, phase shift, seaweed, diversity, propagule
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Ecology
Research Field:Marine and estuarine ecology (incl. marine ichthyology)
Objective Division:Environmental Management
Objective Group:Marine systems and management
Objective Field:Assessment and management of benthic marine ecosystems
UTAS Author:Marshell, A (Dr Alyssa Marshell)
ID Code:148948
Year Published:2020
Web of Science® Times Cited:4
Deposited By:Sustainable Marine Research Collaboration
Deposited On:2022-02-24
Last Modified:2022-03-03
Downloads:7 View Download Statistics

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