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Asperuloside, a natural compound with potent weight-loss properties: a novel therapeutic purinergic signalling approach for the treatment of obesity

Citation

Muhammad, I and Zuccarini, M and Ronci, M and Caruso, V, Asperuloside, a natural compound with potent weight-loss properties: a novel therapeutic purinergic signalling approach for the treatment of obesity, Riunione annuale del purine Club Italiano Programma e Abstract, 28 January, online, pp. 9. (2022) [Conference Extract]


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Official URL: http://italianpurineclub.altervista.org/

Abstract

Obesity rates are rising dramatically in the developed and developing world and its consequences represent a major public health concern. Current anti-obesity drugs that target metabolic tissues and organs such as the liver, adipocytes and skeletal muscles have failed to deliver significant clinical results. Several studies support the notion that purinergic system has a well-established role in the regulation of energy homeostasis, but there is growing evidence of its implication in the control of food intake. Here, we present the proprieties of asperuloside, an iridoid glycoside found in many medicinal plants that has produced promising anti-obesity results in animal models. Specifically, we investigated some of the mechanisms of action by which the compound induces weight loss in mice consuming a high fat diet. We confirmed the anti-obesity properties of asperuloside and, importantly, we identified some mechanisms that could be responsible for its therapeutic effect. Our findings suggest that asperuloside might exert its therapeutic effects by altering nutrient-sensing receptors in the oral cavity as well as hypothalamic receptors involved in food intake when mice are exposed to obesogenic diets. We hypothesise that the compound might alter the purinergic signalling via ATP release in response to taste stimulation. As consequence, asperuloside elicits a greater afferent nutrient-sensing signal to the brain which in turn send chemical signals to the hypothalamus for the regulation of food intake. Taken together, our study suggests to evaluate in future studies novel therapeutic purinergic signalling approaches that target the gustatory system as a new and effective anti-obesity strategy.

Item Details

Item Type:Conference Extract
Keywords:obesity, purinergic system, weight loss, hypothalamus
Research Division:Biomedical and Clinical Sciences
Research Group:Pharmacology and pharmaceutical sciences
Research Field:Pharmaceutical sciences
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical health
Objective Field:Prevention of human diseases and conditions
UTAS Author:Caruso, V (Dr Vanni Caruso)
ID Code:148908
Year Published:2022
Deposited By:Pharmacy
Deposited On:2022-02-18
Last Modified:2022-02-21
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