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Gonadal steroid hormones and emotional memory consolidation: a systematic review and meta-analysis


Hsu, C-MK and Ney, LJ and Honan, C and Felmingham, KL, Gonadal steroid hormones and emotional memory consolidation: a systematic review and meta-analysis, Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 130 pp. 529-542. ISSN 0149-7634 (2021) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

2021 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.neubiorev.2021.09.010


Anxiety and stress-related disorders are more prevalent in women and associated with negative emotional memory consolidation as well as impaired fear extinction recall. Recent research has identified a role of gonadal steroid hormones in influencing emotional memories and fear extinction, however most individual studies have small samples and employed various protocols. A systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted on studies that examined sex hormones (estrogen, progesterone, testosterone, allopregnanolone, dehydroepiandrosterone) on four aspects of memory, namely, intentional recall (k = 13), recognition memory (k = 7), intrusive memories (k = 9), and extinction recall (k = 11). The meta-analysis on natural cycling women revealed that progesterone level was positively associated with negative recall and negative intrusive memories, and this effect on intentional recall was enhanced under stress induction. Estradiol level was positively associated with extinction recall. This study reveals an important role of progesterone and estradiol in influencing emotional memory consolidation. It highlights the need to control for these hormonal effects and examine progesterone and estradiol concurrently across all menstrual phases in future emotional memory paradigms.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:progesterone, estradiol, menstrual cycle, emotion, stress, memory, fear extinction
Research Division:Psychology
Research Group:Biological psychology
Research Field:Behavioural neuroscience
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the biomedical and clinical sciences
UTAS Author:Hsu, C-MK (Mr Ken Hsu)
UTAS Author:Ney, LJ (Mr Luke Ney)
UTAS Author:Honan, C (Dr Cynthia Honan)
ID Code:148803
Year Published:2021
Web of Science® Times Cited:4
Deposited By:Psychology
Deposited On:2022-02-11
Last Modified:2022-03-11

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