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An overview of available computer-based simulation tools in pharmacy practice education


Gharib, A and Bindoff, I and Peterson, G and Salahudeen, M, An overview of available computer-based simulation tools in pharmacy practice education, APSA 2021 Annual Conference Book of Oral Abstracts, 06-08 December, virtual, pp. 39. (2021) [Conference Extract]

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Introduction. Pharmacy education is changing rapidly, with increasing pressure on clinical placement opportunities and interest in innovating pharmacy curricula. Moreover, sudden changes due to Covid-19 are encouraging pharmacy schools to incorporate computer-based simulations as a flexible, rapid, and cost-efficient solution to supporting the training of pharmacy students.

Aims. This literature review provides an overview of different computer-based simulation tools relevant to patient encounters in pharmacy practice education and highlights their different features.

Methods. A systematic narrative review was conducted to identify and collect data on relevant simulation tools within pharmacy practice education. The search included five major databases: Medline, CINAHL, ERIC, Education Source and EMBASE; followed by similar searches in key dedicated journals for pharmacy education.

Results. We identified 50 studies for full text analysis. They covered 29 unique simulation tools. Seven main criteria were discussed, such as the way they provide feedback and represent avatars, which environments they include, whether they were developed by an educational institute, privately or in collaboration, whether they can be localised, and the methods of user interaction used. It was found that the educational focus of these tools ranged between enhancing students’ skills in dispensing, communication, and clinical assessment, and promoting active learning and independent studying. The selection of an appropriate simulation tool in any course depends on the course’s aims, expected educational outcomes and requirements.

Discussion. This review provides educators with an up to date and comprehensive overview of the various available computer-based simulations in pharmacy practice education, and their capabilities. This review can also guide educators in selecting and determining the most suitable simulation tool for their course needs and aims.

Item Details

Item Type:Conference Extract
Keywords:computer simulation, pharmacy practice, education
Research Division:Biomedical and Clinical Sciences
Research Group:Pharmacology and pharmaceutical sciences
Research Field:Clinical pharmacy and pharmacy practice
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Evaluation of health and support services
Objective Field:Health education and promotion
UTAS Author:Gharib, A (Dr Ahmed Gharib)
UTAS Author:Bindoff, I (Dr Ivan Bindoff)
UTAS Author:Peterson, G (Professor Gregory Peterson)
UTAS Author:Salahudeen, M (Dr Mohammed Salahudeen)
ID Code:148779
Year Published:2021
Deposited By:Pharmacy
Deposited On:2022-02-09
Last Modified:2022-02-09

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