In planta transcriptome and proteome profiles of Spongospora subterranea in resistant and susceptible host environments illuminates regulatory principles underlying host-pathogen interaction
Balotf, S and Wilson, R and Tegg, RS and Nichols, DS and Wilson, CR, In planta transcriptome and proteome profiles of Spongospora subterranea in resistant and susceptible host environments illuminates regulatory principles underlying host-pathogen interaction, Biology, 10, (9) Article 840. ISSN 2079-7737 (2021) [Refereed Article]
Spongospora subterranea is an obligate biotrophic pathogen, causing substantial economic loss to potato industries globally. Currently, there are no fully effective management strategies for the control of potato diseases caused by S. subterranea. To further our understanding of S. subterranea biology during infection, we characterized the transcriptome and proteome of the pathogen during the invasion of roots of a susceptible and a resistant potato cultivar. A total of 7650 transcripts from S. subterranea were identified in the transcriptome analysis in which 1377 transcripts were differentially expressed between two cultivars. In proteome analysis, we identified 117 proteins with 42 proteins significantly changed in comparisons between resistant and susceptible cultivars. The functional annotation of transcriptome data indicated that the gene ontology terms related to the transportation and actin processes were induced in the resistant cultivar. The downregulation of enzyme activity and nucleic acid metabolism in the resistant cultivar suggests a probable influence of these processes in the virulence of S. subterranea. The protein analysis results indicated that the majority of differentially expressed proteins were related to the metabolic processes and transporter activity. The present study provides a comprehensive molecular insight into the multiple layers of gene regulation that contribute to S. subterranea infection and development in planta and illuminates the role of host immunity in affecting pathogen responses.
Spongospora subterranea, potato, in planta analysis, transcriptomics; proteomics