Post-depositional mobility of arsenic in a changing climate: implications for cumulative effects assessments at northern mine sites
Miller, CB and Parsons, MB and Jamieson, HE and Ardakani, OH and Nasser, NA and Gregory, BRB and Patterson, RT and Galloway, JM, Post-depositional mobility of arsenic in a changing climate: implications for cumulative effects assessments at northern mine sites, GAC-MAC 2021 Abstracts Book, 1-5 November 2021, Ontario, Canada/ Online, pp. 219. (2021) [Conference Extract]
Climate change is affecting the seasonality, biological productivity, and hydrology of lakes in high northern latitudes. These changes may affect the cycling of naturally occurring metal(loid)s and long-term stability of mining-derived contaminants. In mineralized regions, where concentrations of naturally occurring metal(loids) are commonly above environmental quality guidelines, understanding the transport and fate of elements and the drivers of chemical change is especially relevant to guide cumulative effects assessments at past, present and future mine sites. This study integrates arsenic geochemistry, organic petrography, multivariate analysis of climate proxies (particle size, organic matter type and quantity), and radiometric dating (14C and 210Pb) to determine the influence of modern and late-Holocene (5,000 yr cal BP to present) warming episodes on the loading and cycling of arsenic in lake sediments. Integrated paleoclimate and sediment geochemistry reconstructions of two sediment cores collected from mining-impacted lakes in the Courageous Lake Greenstone Belt, Northwest Territories, Canada, document increases in sediment and porewater arsenic concentrations coincident with periods of climate warming. The presence of both primary arsenopyrite and secondary, authigenic arsenic-bearing minerals (framboidal pyrite and Fe-oxyhydroxides; determined by SEM, EMPA and synchrotron-based bulk-XANES) suggests that enhanced weathering and active remobilization of geogenic arsenic occurred in lake catchments during past warming intervals. Detailed characterization of the solid-phase speciation of arsenic and its association with organic matter shows that organic material plays an important role in stabilizing redox-sensitive authigenic minerals (i.e., sulphides and Fe-oxyhydroxides) in lake sediments. Based on the results of this study, we expect that increased concentrations of aquatic- and terrestrially-derived labile organic matter will drive the redistribution of arsenic in shallow lake sediments and result in surface-enrichment of arsenic. These findings are relevant for predicting future climate change-driven variations in metal(loid) cycling in sub-Arctic lakes. Knowledge from this study can be used to improve environmental monitoring and remediation strategies at northern metal mines.
baseline geochemistry, water quality, climate change, mining, metals