eCite Digital Repository

Dynamical relations in the self-pattern


Gallagher, S and Daly, A, Dynamical relations in the self-pattern, Frontiers in Psychology, 9 Article 664. ISSN 1664-1078 (2018) [Refereed Article]

PDF (Published article)

Copyright Statement

© 2018. Gallagher and Daly. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) License ( The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

DOI: doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00664


The notion of a self-pattern, as developed in the pattern theory of self (Gallagher, 2013), which holds that the self is best explained in terms of the kind of reality that pertains to a dynamical pattern, acknowledges the importance of neural dynamics, but also expands the account of self to extra-neural (embodied and enactive) dynamics. The pattern theory of self, however, has been criticized for failing to explicate the dynamical relations among elements of the self-pattern (e.g., Kyselo, 2014; Beni, 2016; de Haan et al., 2017); as such, it seems to be nothing more than a mere list of elements. We’ll argue that the dynamics of a self-pattern are reflected in three significant and interrelated ways that allow for investigation. First, a self-pattern is reflectively reiterated in its narrative component. Second, studies of psychiatric or neurological disorders can help us understand the precise nature of the dynamical relations in a self-pattern, and how they can fail. Third, referencing predictive processing accounts, neuroscience can also help to explicate the dynamical relations that constitute the self-pattern.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:phenomenology, psychiatry, psychopathology, self-disorders, DSM, diagnosis, treatment, psychometrics, self, pattern, self-model, predictive processing, Free Energy Principle, narrative
Research Division:Philosophy and Religious Studies
Research Group:Philosophy
Research Field:Philosophical psychology (incl. moral psychology and philosophy of action)
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in psychology
UTAS Author:Daly, A (Dr Anya Daly)
ID Code:148473
Year Published:2018
Web of Science® Times Cited:40
Deposited By:Philosophy and Gender Studies
Deposited On:2022-01-13
Last Modified:2022-03-04
Downloads:10 View Download Statistics

Repository Staff Only: item control page