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An Identification of hybrid architecture in Tri Dharma temples in Bali


Hendrawan, F and Beynon, D, An Identification of hybrid architecture in Tri Dharma temples in Bali, Proceedings of International Conference on Chinese-Indonesian Cultural Heritage 2021, 12 June 2021, Surabaya, pp. 88-91. ISBN 978-602-5446-85-6 (2021) [Non Refereed Conference Paper]

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As an ethnic minority, the Chinese-Balinese are still practicing their cultural practices and values, particularly in expressing Tri Dharma temple design. This descriptive article identifies the variation of architectural forms for a few examples of Tri Dharma temples in Bali representing hybrid architecture. The empirical data of Tri Dharma temples distributed across regencies in Bali are collated qualitatively through the observation of architectural forms and interview sessions with several Tri Dharma temple representations, focusing on the building forms, materials, ornament and decorative elements. The result shows that the hybrid features in these Tri Dharma temples are identifiable through the adoption of Balinese traditional gates either painted in Chinese traditional colours or maintained its exposed natural materials. These gates also mostly adopt Chinese and Buddhist religious ornaments. Various forms of Hindu-Balinese shrines are also adopted into these temples. Given these variations, it reveals that the hybrid architecture in Tri Dharma temples in Bali is influenced by spiritual and mixed cultural backgrounds. Shifting policies and state attitudes towards ethnic Chinese in Indonesia have also contributed to the characteristics of this hybrid architecture.

Item Details

Item Type:Non Refereed Conference Paper
Keywords:temple architecture, architectural heritage, Chinese temples, Indonesia, Bali, architectural theory, hybridity
Research Division:Built Environment and Design
Research Group:Architecture
Research Field:Architectural history, theory and criticism
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in built environment and design
UTAS Author:Hendrawan, F (Mr Freddy Hendrawan)
UTAS Author:Beynon, D (Associate Professor David Beynon)
ID Code:148301
Year Published:2021
Deposited By:Architecture and Design
Deposited On:2021-12-17
Last Modified:2021-12-20

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