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Spatial pattern analysis of line-segment data in ecology

Citation

Yates, LA and Brook, BW and Buettel, JC, Spatial pattern analysis of line-segment data in ecology, Ecology Article 3597. ISSN 0012-9658 (2021) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

2022 Ecological Society of America. All rights reserved.

DOI: doi:10.1002/ecy.3597

Abstract

The spatial analysis of linear features (lines and curves) is a challenging and rarely attempted problem in ecology. Existing methods are typically expressed in abstract mathematical formalism, making it difficult to assess their relevance and transfer ability into an ecological setting. We introduce a set of concrete and accessible methods to analyse the spatial patterning of line-segment data. The methods include Monte Carlo techniques based on a new generalisation of Ripley's K-function and a class of line-segment processes which can be used to specify parametric models - parameters are estimated using maximum likelihood and models compared using information-theoretic principles. We apply the new methods to fallen tree (dead log) data collected from two one-hectare Australian tall eucalypt forest plots. Our results show that spatial pattern of the fallen logs is best explained by plot-level spatial heterogeneity in combination with a slope-dependent non-uniform distribution of fallen-log orientations. These methods are of a general nature and are applicable to any line-segment data. In the context of forest ecology, the integration of fallen logs as linear structural features in a landscape with the point locations of living trees, and a quantification of their interactions, can yield new insights into the functional and structural role of tree fall in forest communities and their enduring post-mortem ecological legacy as spatially distributed decomposing logs.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:forest ecology, point pattern, stochastic geometry, coarse woody debris, fibre processes, line segment, point pattern, Ripley's K, tree fall
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Ecology
Research Field:Ecology not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the biological sciences
UTAS Author:Yates, LA (Mr Luke Yates)
UTAS Author:Brook, BW (Professor Barry Brook)
UTAS Author:Buettel, JC (Dr Jessie Buettel)
ID Code:148290
Year Published:2021
Deposited By:Plant Science
Deposited On:2021-12-16
Last Modified:2022-01-07
Downloads:0

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