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Environmental impact of oil and gas exploration on livelihoods in Nigeria’s Eastern Obolo: Exploring the people's rights to fair compensation


Adonteng-Kissi, O and Oke, BR and Meribe, NC and Ayentimi, DT, Environmental impact of oil and gas exploration on livelihoods in Nigeria's Eastern Obolo: Exploring the people's rights to fair compensation, Forum for Development Studies, 48, (3) pp. 539-570. ISSN 1891-1765 (2021) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

© 2021 Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI)

DOI: doi:10.1080/08039410.2021.1947364


This paper explores how adequate are oil and gas companies to compensate the damage done by their oil exploration. The study is based extensively on primary fieldwork in local host communities in the oil-producing areas of Eastern Obolo in Rivers State, Nigeria drawing on the experiences and perceptions of 31 community heads, Chief fishermen, youth leaders, the chairman of the Eastern Obolo Community Relations Committee (CRC), the paramount chief and subchiefs, and Community Relations Managers of Oil Companies. The average age of participants was 37 years. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with key informants using in-depth interview techniques to gather the needed data. Our results show that distributive and procedural justice and people’s rights to self-determination and fair compensation have been compromised in policy initiatives. Harmonising layers of critical laws, including the enforcement of social and environmental protection, must remain a priority though challenges inherent in the legal framework regulating compensation go beyond the impacts of social and environmental governance.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:environmental impact, oil and gas, compensation, distributive justice, Nigeria
Research Division:Human Society
Research Group:Political science
Research Field:Environmental politics
Objective Division:Culture and Society
Objective Group:Ethics
Objective Field:Business ethics
UTAS Author:Ayentimi, DT (Dr Desmond Ayentimi)
ID Code:148175
Year Published:2021
Web of Science® Times Cited:1
Deposited By:TSBE
Deposited On:2021-12-08
Last Modified:2022-01-13

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