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Anglo-Chinese and the Politics of Overseas Travel from New South Wales, 1898 to 1925


Bagnall, K, Anglo-Chinese and the Politics of Overseas Travel from New South Wales, 1898 to 1925, Chinese Australians: Politics, Engagement and Resistance, Brill, S Couchman and K Bagnall (ed), Leiden, The Netherlands, pp. 203-239. ISBN 9789004288508 (2015) [Research Book Chapter]

DOI: doi:10.1163/9789004288553_009


In the late 19th and early 20th centuries Anglo-Chinese Australians travelled overseas, primarily to Hong Kong, China and the Pacifijic, on holidays, for education and business, and to visit family. Like other ‘non-white’ Australians, after 1901 they were subject to the regulations of the Immigration Restriction Act, under which they did not have an automatic right of return to Australia, even though they were Australian-born British subjects. Australia’s early immigration regulations were designed to keep out unwanted ‘non-white’ arrivals, most famously through use of the Dictation Test, and the legislation was not clear on how offfijicials should deal with those who were both Australian born and of mixed race. This chapter explores the politics of overseas travel for AngloChinese from New South Wales within the context of the bureaucratic processes of immigration restriction. Using specifijic cases found in government archives, the chapter discusses fijive aspects of this administration—colonial practices and adjustments after 1901, the use of birth certifijicates as identity documents, the seemingly contradictory requirements around emigration and immigration, cases of disputed identity and the use of cultural capital and community belonging.

Item Details

Item Type:Research Book Chapter
Keywords:Chinese-Australian history, White Australia Policy, mixed race, administrative history, Dictation Test
Research Division:History, Heritage and Archaeology
Research Group:Historical studies
Research Field:Australian history
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in history, heritage and archaeology
UTAS Author:Bagnall, K (Dr Kate Bagnall)
ID Code:147976
Year Published:2015
Deposited By:History and Classics
Deposited On:2021-11-25
Last Modified:2021-12-08

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