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A comparison of diet quality in a sample of rural and urban Australian adults


Pullen, R and Kent, K and Sharman, MJ and Schumacher, TL and Brown, LJ, A comparison of diet quality in a sample of rural and urban Australian adults, Nutrients, 13, (11) pp. 1-13. ISSN 2072-6643 (2021) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright 2021 The Authors. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)

DOI: doi:10.3390/nu13114130


The diet quality of rural Australians is under researched. Characterising disparities in diet quality between rural and urban populations may inform targeted interventions in at- risk groups. A cross-sectional study aimed to determine the relationship between diet quality, rurality and sociodemographic characteristics in a sample of Australian adults. Participants were recruited at rural and regional events between 2017 and 2020, in New South Wales, Australia. Diet quality was measured using the Healthy Eating Quiz or Australian Eating Survey to generate an Australian Recommended Food Score (ARFS). ARFS was compared by rurality and sociodemographic characteristics using multivariate regression. Participants (n = 247; 53% female) had a mean ± SD ARFS of 34.5 ± 9.0. There was no significant effect of rurality on ARFS (β-coefficient = −0.4; 95%CI −3.0, 2.3). Compared to participants aged 18–30 years, higher ARFS was evident for those aged 31–50 (β = 5.4; 95%CI 0.3, 10.4), 51–70 (β = 4.4; 95%CI 0.3, 8.5) and >71 years (β = 6.5; 95% CI 1.6–11.4). Compared to those living alone, participants living with a partner (β = 5.2; 95%CI 2.0, 8.4) and families with children (β = 5.6; 95%CI 1.4, 9.8) had significantly higher ARFS. ARFS was significantly lower with each additional self-reported chronic health condition (β = −1.4; 95%CI −2.3, −0.4). Our results indicate that diet quality as defined by the ARFS was classified as ‘getting there’ and that age, living arrangements and chronic health conditions, but not rurality, influenced diet quality in a sample of Australian adults.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Australian dietary guidelines, Australian recommended food score, diet quality, diet variety, rural
Research Division:Biomedical and Clinical Sciences
Research Group:Nutrition and dietetics
Research Field:Public health nutrition
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Evaluation of health and support services
Objective Field:Determinants of health
UTAS Author:Pullen, R (Ms Rebekah Pullen)
UTAS Author:Kent, K (Dr Katherine Kent)
UTAS Author:Sharman, MJ (Dr Matt Sharman)
ID Code:147877
Year Published:2021
Web of Science® Times Cited:1
Deposited By:Health Sciences
Deposited On:2021-11-19
Last Modified:2021-12-07
Downloads:3 View Download Statistics

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