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Cation transporters in cell fate determination and plant adaptive responses to a low-oxygen environment


Huang, X and Shabala, L and Zhang, X and Zhou, M and Voesenek, LACJ and Hartman, S and Yu, M and Shabala, S, Cation transporters in cell fate determination and plant adaptive responses to a low-oxygen environment, Journal of Experimental Botany, 73, (3) pp. 636-645. ISSN 0022-0957 (2022) [Refereed Article]

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© The Author(s) 2021. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society for Experimental Biology. All rights reserved.

DOI: doi:10.1093/jxb/erab480


Soil flooding creates low-oxygen environments in root zones and thus severely affects plant growth and productivity. Plants adapt to low-oxygen environments by a suite of orchestrated metabolic and anatomical alterations. Of these, formation of aerenchyma and development of adventitious roots are considered very critical to enable plant performance in waterlogged soils. Both traits have been firmly associated with stress-induced increases in ethylene levels in root tissues that operate upstream of signalling pathways. Recently, we used a bioinformatic approach to demonstrate that several Ca2+ and K+ -permeable channels from KCO, AKT, and TPC families could also operate in low oxygen sensing in Arabidopsis. Here we argue that low-oxygen-induced changes to cellular ion homeostasis and operation of membrane transporters may be critical for cell fate determination and formation of the lysigenous aerenchyma in plant roots and shaping the root architecture and adventitious root development in grasses. We summarize the existing evidence for a causal link between tissue-specific changes in oxygen concentration, intracellular Ca2+ and K+ homeostasis, and reactive oxygen species levels, and their role in conferring those two major traits enabling plant adaptation to a low-oxygen environment. We conclude that, for efficient operation, plants may rely on several complementary signalling pathway mechanisms that operate in concert and ‘fine-tune’ each other. A better understanding of this interaction may create additional and previously unexplored opportunities to crop breeders to improve cereal crop yield losses to soil flooding.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:hypoxia, low oxygen, lateral root, aerenchyma, stress, adaptation, adventitious roots, ethylene, NADPH oxidase, potassium, programmed cell death, reactive oxygen species
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Plant biology
Research Field:Plant physiology
Objective Division:Plant Production and Plant Primary Products
Objective Group:Other plant production and plant primary products
Objective Field:Other plant production and plant primary products not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Shabala, L (Associate Professor Lana Shabala)
UTAS Author:Zhang, X (Mr Xuechen Zhang)
UTAS Author:Zhou, M (Professor Meixue Zhou)
UTAS Author:Shabala, S (Professor Sergey Shabala)
ID Code:147856
Year Published:2022
Web of Science® Times Cited:4
Deposited By:Agriculture and Food Systems
Deposited On:2021-11-18
Last Modified:2023-03-16

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