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Understanding the mechanistic basis of adaptation of perennial Sarcocornia quinqueflora species to soil salinity

Citation

Ahmed, HAI and Shabala, L and Shabala, S, Understanding the mechanistic basis of adaptation of perennial Sarcocornia quinqueflora species to soil salinity, Physiologia Plantarum, 172, (4) pp. 1997-2010. ISSN 0031-9317 (2021) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

2021 Scandinavian Plant Physiology Society.

DOI: doi:10.1111/ppl.13413

Abstract

Succulent halophytes can be used as convenient models for understanding the mechanistic basis of plant adaptation to salt stress. In this work, effects of salinity (01000 mM NaCl range) on growth, ion accumulation, and stomatal features were investigated in the succulent halophyte Sarcocornia quinqueflora. Elevated salinity levels up to 400 mM NaCl largely promoted dry matter yield, succulence, shoot surface area, and stomatal characteristics. Plant growth was optimal at 200 mM NaCl and reduced at concentrations exceeding 600 mM NaCl. Osmotic adjustment in a succulent shoot was achieved by a massive accumulation of inorganic ions, with Na+ and Cl contributing approximately 85% of its osmolality, while organic compatible solutes and K+ were responsible for only approximately 15%. Shoot K+ was unchanged across the entire range of salinity treatments (2001000 mM NaCl) and positively correlated with the transpiration rate (R = 0.98). Carbohydrates were not reduced at high salinity compared to plants at optimal conditions, implying that growth retardation at severe salt dosages was attributed to limitations in a vacuolar Na+ and Cl sequestrations capacity rather than inadequate photosynthesis and/or substrate limitation. It is concluded that the superior salt tolerance of S. quinqueflora is achieved by the effective reliance on Na+ and Cl accumulation for osmoregulation and turgor maintenance, and efficient K+ homeostasis for adequate stomatal functioning over the entire salinity range. The above findings could be instrumental in developing strategies to improve salinity stress tolerance in perennial horticultural crops and optimize their water-use efficiency.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:halophytes, salinity
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Plant biology
Research Field:Plant physiology
Objective Division:Plant Production and Plant Primary Products
Objective Group:Other plant production and plant primary products
Objective Field:Other plant production and plant primary products not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Ahmed, HAI (Dr Hassan Ahmed)
UTAS Author:Shabala, L (Associate Professor Lana Shabala)
UTAS Author:Shabala, S (Professor Sergey Shabala)
ID Code:147609
Year Published:2021
Web of Science® Times Cited:8
Deposited By:TIA - Research Institute
Deposited On:2021-11-09
Last Modified:2022-04-14
Downloads:0

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