eCite Digital Repository

Searches for gravitational waves from known pulsars at two harmonics in 2015-2017 LIGO data

Citation

Abbott, BP and Abbott, R and Abbott, TD and Abraham, S and Acernese, F and Altin, PA and Palfreyman, J, 𝘦𝘵 𝘢𝘭, Searches for gravitational waves from known pulsars at two harmonics in 2015-2017 LIGO data, Astrophysical Journal, 879, (1) Article 10. ISSN 0004-637X (2019) [Refereed Article]


Preview
PDF
Pending copyright assessment - Request a copy
4Mb
  

DOI: doi:10.3847/1538-4357/ab20cb

Abstract

We present a search for gravitational waves from 222 pulsars with rotation frequencies ≳10 Hz. We use advanced LIGO data from its first and second observing runs spanning 2015–2017, which provides the highest-sensitivity gravitational-wave data so far obtained. In this search we target emission from both the l = m = 2 mass quadrupole mode, with a frequency at twice that of the pulsar's rotation, and the l = 2, m = 1 mode, with a frequency at the pulsar rotation frequency. The search finds no evidence for gravitational-wave emission from any pulsar at either frequency. For the l = m = 2 mode search, we provide updated upper limits on the gravitational-wave amplitude, mass quadrupole moment, and fiducial ellipticity for 167 pulsars, and the first such limits for a further 55. For 20 young pulsars these results give limits that are below those inferred from the pulsars' spin-down. For the Crab and Vela pulsars our results constrain gravitational-wave emission to account for less than 0.017% and 0.18% of the spin-down luminosity, respectively. For the recycled millisecond pulsar J0711−6830 our limits are only a factor of 1.3 above the spin-down limit, assuming the canonical value of 1038 kg m2 for the star's moment of inertia, and imply a gravitational-wave-derived upper limit on the star's ellipticity of 1.2 × 10-8. We also place new limits on the emission amplitude at the rotation frequency of the pulsars.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:gravitational waves, pulsars, neutron stars
Research Division:Physical Sciences
Research Group:Astronomical sciences
Research Field:Galactic astronomy
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the physical sciences
UTAS Author:Palfreyman, J (Dr Jim Palfreyman)
ID Code:147439
Year Published:2019
Web of Science® Times Cited:46
Deposited By:Physics
Deposited On:2021-11-01
Last Modified:2021-11-01
Downloads:0

Repository Staff Only: item control page