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Experimental study on the effect of granular backfill with various gradations on the mechanical behavior of rock


Le, Z and Yu, Q and Zhu, W and Liu, H and Yang, T, Experimental study on the effect of granular backfill with various gradations on the mechanical behavior of rock, International Journal of Mining Science and Technology, 31, (5) pp. 889-899. ISSN 2095-2686 (2021) [Refereed Article]

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Copyright Statement

2021 Published by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of China University of Mining & Technology. This is an open access article under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) license (

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.ijmst.2021.07.001


Backfilling is a common practice in the mining industry and the backfilling performance plays a significant role in supporting the surrounding rock mass. To evaluate the backfilling performance, an experimental apparatus has been developed to understand how backfill affects the compressive strength of sandstone specimens in the laboratory. Pebbles were selected to model the backfill and divided into six groups with different particle sizes using a set of standard sieves. The backfilling pebbles with three types of particle size compositions were then produced, i.e. single gradation, two adjacent gradations, and increasingly widening gradations. A series of compressive tests were carried out to study the mechanical behavior of the sandstone specimens confined by these pebbles. The effects of the gradations of the filled pebbles on the peak and residual compressive strengths were analyzed. It is found that the increasing amount of the compressive strength is over 10% in most cases, even up to 20%. Based on the experiment data, the increasing amount was also estimated theoretically under some assumptions and it further confirmed the experimental results. The effects are closely related to the gradations of the filled pebbles except for their dense degree.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:granular backfill, dense degree, gradations, sandstone, and compressive strength
Research Division:Engineering
Research Group:Civil engineering
Research Field:Civil geotechnical engineering
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in engineering
UTAS Author:Liu, H (Dr Hong Liu)
ID Code:147365
Year Published:2021
Web of Science® Times Cited:5
Deposited By:Engineering
Deposited On:2021-10-28
Last Modified:2021-12-23
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