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Characteristics associated with willingness to walk further than necessary to the bus stop: Insights for public transport-related physical activity


Stanesby, O and Morse, M and Magill, L and Ball, K and Blizzard, L and Harpur, S and Jose, K and Lester, D and Marshall, E and Palmer, AJ and Sharman, MJ and Williams, J and Cleland, V, Characteristics associated with willingness to walk further than necessary to the bus stop: Insights for public transport-related physical activity, Journal of Transport and Health, 22 pp. 1-12. ISSN 2214-1405 (2021) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

2021 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.jth.2021.101139


Background and aims: There is untapped potential for public transport-related physical activity to make an important contribution to total physical activity and hence improve health. This study aimed to determine the willingness of public transport users to walk further than necessary to a stop, and the characteristics of those willing to do so.

Methods: This study used data from three waves (2016, 2017, 2018) of the Metro Tasmania Customer Satisfaction Survey (CSS), an annual cross-sectional survey of bus passengers in Tasmania, Australia. Linear and logistic regression modelled associations between socio-demographic and transport behaviour characteristics with willingness to travel further to usual bus stop if frequency was improved (yes/no), and if willing, the extra distance (metres) prepared to travel. Analyses were restricted to those reporting walking to their bus stop (n = 1402).

Results: Half of 1402 bus passengers were prepared to walk further (average 521 m) to their usual bus stop if frequency was improved. A range of characteristics were positively (residential location) and negatively (age, female sex, retired/on pension, no regular motor vehicle access, intermittent public transport use, higher public transport-related physical activity) associated with willingness to walk further to the bus stop. Distance willing to walk varied by a range of demographic characteristics (sex, household income, age, employment status, bus use, public transport-related physical activity). Only age was consistently associated across all three surveys: younger bus passengers were more willing to walk further and recorded greater distances willing to walk.

Conclusions: The characteristics identified provide insights into which population groups may be more amenable to strategies to increase public transport-related physical activity, and which groups may require further investigation to identify reasons for lack of willingness to walk further to bus stops. Improving bus service frequency may increase public transport-related physical activity and confer health benefits.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:transportation, active commuting, exercise, rural, regional, public health
Research Division:Health Sciences
Research Group:Public health
Research Field:Social determinants of health
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Evaluation of health and support services
Objective Field:Determinants of health
UTAS Author:Stanesby, O (Mr Oliver Stanesby)
UTAS Author:Blizzard, L (Professor Leigh Blizzard)
UTAS Author:Jose, K (Dr Kim Jose)
UTAS Author:Palmer, AJ (Professor Andrew Palmer)
UTAS Author:Sharman, MJ (Dr Melanie Sharman)
UTAS Author:Cleland, V (Associate Professor Verity Cleland)
ID Code:147318
Year Published:2021
Web of Science® Times Cited:3
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2021-10-26
Last Modified:2021-11-24

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