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The interactions between genetics and early childhood nutrition influence adult cardiometabolic risk factors

Citation

Wang, CA and Attia, JR and Lye, SJ and Oddy, WH and Beilin, L and Mori, TA and Meyerkort, C and Pennell, CE, The interactions between genetics and early childhood nutrition influence adult cardiometabolic risk factors, Scientific Reports, 11, (1) ISSN 2045-2322 (2021) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright 2021 The Authors. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

DOI: doi:10.1038/s41598-021-94206-4

Abstract

It is well established that genetics, environment, and interplay between them play a crucial role in adult disease. We aimed to evaluate the role of genetics, early life nutrition, and the interaction between them, on optimal adult health. As part of a large international consortium (n ~ 154,000), we identified 60 SNPs associated with both birthweight and adult disease. Utilising the Raine Study, we developed a birthweight polygenic score (BW-PGS) based on the 60 SNPs and examined relationships between BW-PGS and adulthood cardiovascular risk factors, specifically evaluating interactions with early life nutrition. Healthy nutrition was beneficial for all individuals; longer duration of any breastfeeding was particularly associated with lower BMI and lower Systolic Blood Pressure in those with higher BW-PGS. Optimal breastfeeding offers the greatest benefit to reduce adult obesity and hypertension in those genetically predisposed to high birthweight. This provides an example of how precision medicine in early life can improve adult health.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Biomedical and Clinical Sciences
Research Group:Nutrition and dietetics
Research Field:Clinical nutrition
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Evaluation of health and support services
Objective Field:Determinants of health
UTAS Author:Oddy, WH (Professor Wendy Oddy)
ID Code:147286
Year Published:2021
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2021-10-22
Last Modified:2021-11-04
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