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Patterns and predictors of sitting among women from disad-vantaged neighbourhoods over time: A 5-year prospective cohort study

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Nayak, M and Wills, K and Teychenne, M and Salmon, J and Cleland, V, Patterns and predictors of sitting among women from disad-vantaged neighbourhoods over time: A 5-year prospective cohort study, International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18, (9) pp. 1-13. ISSN 1661-7827 (2021) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright 2021 The Authors. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

DOI: doi:10.3390/ijerph18094625

Abstract

Background: Our aim was to describe patterns of sitting over time and determine the sociodemographic predictors of sitting over time among women living in socioeconomically disadvantaged neighbourhoods.

Methods: Women age between 18 and 45 years (mean = 34.4 8.1, n = 4349) reported their sitting time, sociodemographic (e.g., age), and health (e.g., body mass index) three times over 5 years. Linear mixed modelling was used to determine the predictors of change in sitting over time, adjusting for covariates.

Results: Mean baseline sitting time was 40.9 h/week, decreasing to 40.1 h/week over five years. Greater sitting time was reported in participants ≤25 years of age, living with obesity, living in urban areas, self-reported poor/fair health, working full-time, with higher education, never married and with no children. Annually, the average sitting time decreased by 0.4 h/week (95% CI; -0.7 to -0.05) in women working full-time but increased by 0.1 h/week (95% CI; -0.2 to 0.6) who were not working. Similarly, annual sitting time decreased by 0.6 h/week (95% CI; -0.2 to 1.3) in women with no children but increased by 0.4 h/week (95% CI; -0.2 to 0.5) and 0.9 h/week (95% CI; 0.3 to 1.3) among those with two and three/more children, respectively.

Conclusion: Among disadvantaged women, those not working and with two or more children may be at particular risk for increased sitting time and warrant further attention.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:low socioeconomic position, sedentary behaviour, sitting time, women
Research Division:Health Sciences
Research Group:Epidemiology
Research Field:Behavioural epidemiology
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Evaluation of health and support services
Objective Field:Determinants of health
UTAS Author:Nayak, M (Mrs Minakshi Nayak)
UTAS Author:Wills, K (Dr Karen Wills)
UTAS Author:Teychenne, M (Dr Megan Teychenne)
UTAS Author:Cleland, V (Associate Professor Verity Cleland)
ID Code:147200
Year Published:2021
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2021-10-19
Last Modified:2021-11-03
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