eCite Digital Repository

A review of the nutritional requirements of chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha)


Araujo, BC and Symonds, JE and Glencross, BD and Carter, CG and Walker, SP and Miller, MR, A review of the nutritional requirements of chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha), New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research pp. 1-30. ISSN 0028-8330 (2021) [Substantial Review]

PDF (Review Paper)
Pending copyright assessment - Request a copy

DOI: doi:10.1080/00288330.2021.1985530


Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha), also referred to as King salmon, is a premium aquaculture species farmed in New Zealand and to a small extent in western Canada. Despite the high research investment in the 50s and 60s, literature on nutrition on chinook salmon from recent years is sparse, particularly when compared to other salmonid aquaculture species, such as Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) and rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). To improve fish productivity, it is essential to provide specific and efficient diets based on satisfying chinook salmon requirements for nutrients and energy and adapting these to life-stage, season, and production variables. Diet specifications for chinook salmon have to date largely been based on knowledge derived from other salmonid species and may not be optimised for chinook salmon. Thus, there is a lack of knowledge in some fundamental areas. This review explores the production status and literature related to the macro and micronutrient requirements, and general nutrition of chinook salmon. In doing so it compares these requirements to other farmed salmonids to understand some of the differences between species and highlights the main gaps in the literature.

Item Details

Item Type:Substantial Review
Keywords:aquaculture, nutrition, requirements, chinook salmon, chemical analysis, fat, protein, smoltification
Research Division:Agricultural, Veterinary and Food Sciences
Research Group:Fisheries sciences
Research Field:Aquaculture
Objective Division:Animal Production and Animal Primary Products
Objective Group:Fisheries - aquaculture
Objective Field:Aquaculture crustaceans (excl. rock lobster and prawns)
UTAS Author:Carter, CG (Professor Chris Carter)
ID Code:147199
Year Published:2021
Web of Science® Times Cited:1
Deposited By:Directorate
Deposited On:2021-10-18
Last Modified:2021-10-20
Downloads:5 View Download Statistics

Repository Staff Only: item control page