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Capturing expert uncertainty in spatial cumulative impact assessments

Citation

Jones, AR and Doubleday, ZA and Prowse, TAA and Wiltshire, KH and Deveney, MR and Ward, T and Scrivens, SL and Cassey, P and O'Connell, LG and Gillanders, BM, Capturing expert uncertainty in spatial cumulative impact assessments, Scientific Reports, 8 Article 1469. ISSN 2045-2322 (2018) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

Copyright 2018 the authors. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

DOI: doi:10.1038/s41598-018-19354-6

Abstract

Understanding the spatial distribution of human impacts on marine environments is necessary for maintaining healthy ecosystems and supporting ‘blue economies’. Realistic assessments of impact must consider the cumulative impacts of multiple, coincident threats and the differing vulnerabilities of ecosystems to these threats. Expert knowledge is often used to assess impact in marine ecosystems because empirical data are lacking; however, this introduces uncertainty into the results. As part of a spatial cumulative impact assessment for Spencer Gulf, South Australia, we asked experts to estimate score ranges (best-case, most-likely and worst-case), which accounted for their uncertainty about the effect of 32 threats on eight ecosystems. Expert scores were combined with data on the spatial pattern and intensity of threats to generate cumulative impact maps based on each of the three scoring scenarios, as well as simulations and maps of uncertainty. We compared our method, which explicitly accounts for the experts’ knowledge-based uncertainty, with other approaches and found that it provides smaller uncertainty bounds, leading to more constrained assessment results. Collecting these additional data on experts’ knowledge-based uncertainty provides transparency and simplifies interpretation of the outputs from spatial cumulative impact assessments, facilitating their application for sustainable resource management and conservation.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:cumulative impact assessment
Research Division:Environmental Sciences
Research Group:Environmental management
Research Field:Environmental management
Objective Division:Environmental Management
Objective Group:Fresh, ground and surface water systems and management
Objective Field:Assessment and management of freshwater ecosystems
UTAS Author:Ward, T (Associate Professor Timothy Ward)
ID Code:146946
Year Published:2018
Web of Science® Times Cited:9
Deposited By:Sustainable Marine Research Collaboration
Deposited On:2021-10-04
Last Modified:2021-11-10
Downloads:0

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