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Impacts of the marine hatchery built environment, water and feed on mucosal microbiome colonization across ontogeny in yellowtail kingfish, Seriola lalandi

Citation

Minich, JJ and Nowak, B and Elizur, A and Knight, R and Fielder, S and Allen, EE, Impacts of the marine hatchery built environment, water and feed on mucosal microbiome colonization across ontogeny in yellowtail kingfish, Seriola lalandi, Frontiers in Marine Science, 8 Article 676731. ISSN 2296-7745 (2021) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

Copyright 2021 Minich, Nowak, Elizur, Knight, Fielder and Allen. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) license https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

DOI: doi:10.3389/fmars.2021.676731

Abstract

The fish gut microbiome is impacted by a number of biological and environmental factors including fish feed formulations. Unlike mammals, vertical microbiome transmission is largely absent in fish and thus little is known about how the gut microbiome is initially colonized during hatchery rearing nor the stability throughout growout stages. Here we investigate how various microbial-rich surfaces from the built environment "BE" and feed influence the development of the mucosal microbiome (gill, skin, and digesta) of an economically important marine fish, yellowtail kingfish, Seriola lalandi, over time. For the first experiment, we sampled gill and skin microbiomes from 36 fish reared in three tank conditions, and demonstrate that the gill is more influenced by the surrounding environment than the skin. In a second experiment, fish mucous (gill, skin, and digesta), the BE (tank side, water, inlet pipe, airstones, and air diffusers) and feed were sampled from indoor reared fish at three ages (43, 137, and 430 dph; n = 12 per age). At 430 dph, 20 additional fish were sampled from an outdoor ocean net pen. A total of 304 samples were processed for 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Gill and skin alpha diversity increased while gut diversity decreased with age. Diversity was much lower in fish from the ocean net pen compared to indoor fish. The gill and skin are most influenced by the BE early in development, with aeration equipment having more impact in later ages, while the gut "allochthonous" microbiome becomes increasingly differentiated from the environment over time. Feed had a relatively low impact on driving microbial communities. Our findings suggest that S. lalandi mucosal microbiomes are differentially influenced by the BE with a high turnover and rapid succession occurring in the gill and skin while the gut microbiome is more stable. We demonstrate how individual components of a hatchery system, especially aeration equipment, may contribute directly to microbiome development in a marine fish. In addition, results demonstrate how early life (larval) exposure to biofouling in the rearing environment may influence fish microbiome development which is important for animal health and aquaculture production.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:microbiome, built environment, yellowtail kingfish, Seriola lalandi, aquaculture, fisheries, ontogeny, mariculture
Research Division:Agricultural, Veterinary and Food Sciences
Research Group:Fisheries sciences
Research Field:Aquaculture
Objective Division:Animal Production and Animal Primary Products
Objective Group:Fisheries - aquaculture
Objective Field:Aquaculture fin fish (excl. tuna)
UTAS Author:Nowak, B (Professor Barbara Nowak)
ID Code:146940
Year Published:2021
Deposited By:Fisheries and Aquaculture
Deposited On:2021-10-04
Last Modified:2021-11-19
Downloads:0

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