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Depression mediates the relationship between fatigue and mental health-related quality of life in multiple sclerosis

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Fidao, A and De Livera, A and Nag, N and Neate, S and Jelinek, GA and Simpson-Yap, S, Depression mediates the relationship between fatigue and mental health-related quality of life in multiple sclerosis, Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders, 47 pp. 1-9. ISSN 2211-0348 (2021) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

2020 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.msard.2020.102620

Abstract

Background: Fatigue is among the most prevalent symptoms for people with multiple sclerosis (pwMS) and is significantly detrimental to mental health-related (mental) quality of life (QoL). We examined the role of depression and physical activity as mediators in the fatigue-QoL relationship in pwMS.

Methods: Using baseline cross-sectional data from an international cohort of 2,104 pwMS, characteristics of fatigue and mental QoL, measured by Fatigue Severity Scale and MSQOL-54 respectively, were assessed using linear and log-binomial regression. Structural Equation Models (SEM) were used to explore the mediating roles of depression and physical activity between fatigue and mental QoL.

Results: The median mental QoL score was 71.9/100. The mean fatigue score was 41.5/63, with 65.6% participants having clinically significant fatigue. In the SEM evaluating depression as a mediator of the fatigue-QoL relationship, mental QoL was 14.72 points lower (95% CI: -16.43 -13.01, p<0.001) in participants with clinically significant fatigue, of which depression accounted for 53.0% (-7.80, 95% CI: -9.03 -6.57, p<0.001). In the SEM evaluating physical activity as a mediator of the fatigue-QoL relationship, mental QoL was 10.89 points lower (95% CI: -12.47, -9.32, p<0.001) in participants with clinically significant fatigue, of which the indirect effect via physical activity accounted for only 4.4% (-0.48, 95% CI: -0.81, -0.14, p=0.005).

Conclusion: Depression accounted for the majority of the fatigue-mental QoL relationship when modelled as a mediator, while physical activity had only a minor role. Our findings may inform the development of treatments for reducing the impacts of fatigue and improving mental QoL in pwMS.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:multiple sclerosis, fatigue, quality of life, depression, mediation
Research Division:Biomedical and Clinical Sciences
Research Group:Neurosciences
Research Field:Neurology and neuromuscular diseases
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical health
Objective Field:Diagnosis of human diseases and conditions
UTAS Author:Simpson-Yap, S (Dr Steve Simpson JR)
ID Code:146923
Year Published:2021
Web of Science® Times Cited:1
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2021-10-04
Last Modified:2021-11-24
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