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Warming world, changing ocean: mitigation and adaptation to support resilient marine systems

Citation

Trebilco, R and Fleming, A and Hobday, AJ and Melbourne-Thomas, J and Meyer, A and McDonald, J and McCormack, PC and Anderson, K and Bax, N and Corney, SP and Dutra, LXC and Fogarty, HE and McGee, J and Mustonen, K and Mustonen, T and Norris, KA and Ogier, E and Constable, AJ and Pecl, GT, Warming world, changing ocean: mitigation and adaptation to support resilient marine systems, Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries pp. 1-25. ISSN 0960-3166 (2021) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright Crown 2021

DOI: doi:10.1007/s11160-021-09678-4

Abstract

Proactive and coordinated action to mitigate and adapt to climate change will be essential for achieving the healthy, resilient, safe, sustainably harvested and biodiverse ocean that the UN Decade of Ocean Science and sustainable development goals (SDGs) seek. Ocean-based mitigation actions could contribute 12% of the emissions reductions required by 2030 to keep warming to less than 1.5 ºC but, because substantial warming is already locked in, extensive adaptation action is also needed. Here, as part of the Future Seas project, we use a "foresighting/hindcasting" technique to describe two scenarios for 2030 in the context of climate change mitigation and adaptation for ocean systems. The "business-as-usual" future is expected if current trends continue, while an alternative future could be realised if society were to effectively use available data and knowledge to push as far as possible towards achieving the UN SDGs. We identify three drivers that differentiate between these alternative futures: (i) appetite for climate action, (ii) handling extreme events, and (iii) climate interventions. Actions that could navigate towards the optimistic, sustainable and technically achievable future include:

(i) proactive creation and enhancement of economic incentives for mitigation and adaptation;

(ii) supporting the proliferation of local initiatives to spur a global transformation;

(iii) enhancing proactive coastal adaptation management;

(iv) investing in research to support adaptation to emerging risks;

(v) deploying marine-based renewable energy;

(vi) deploying marine-based negative emissions technologies;

(vii) developing and assessing solar radiation management approaches; and

(viii) deploying appropriate solar radiation management approaches to help safeguard critical ecosystems.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:climate change, oceans, impacts, mitigation, futures
Research Division:Environmental Sciences
Research Group:Climate change impacts and adaptation
Research Field:Climate change impacts and adaptation not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Environmental Policy, Climate Change and Natural Hazards
Objective Group:Adaptation to climate change
Objective Field:Climate change adaptation measures (excl. ecosystem)
UTAS Author:Trebilco, R (Dr Rowan Trebilco)
UTAS Author:Fleming, A (Dr Aysha Fleming)
UTAS Author:Hobday, AJ (Dr Alistair Hobday)
UTAS Author:Melbourne-Thomas, J (Dr Jessica Melbourne-Thomas)
UTAS Author:Meyer, A (Dr Amelie Meyer)
UTAS Author:McDonald, J (Professor Jan McDonald)
UTAS Author:McCormack, PC (Ms Phillipa McCormack)
UTAS Author:Anderson, K (Dr Kelli Anderson)
UTAS Author:Bax, N (Ms Narissa Bax)
UTAS Author:Corney, SP (Dr Stuart Corney)
UTAS Author:Fogarty, HE (Ms Hannah Fogarty)
UTAS Author:McGee, J (Associate Professor Jeffrey McGee)
UTAS Author:Norris, KA (Professor Kimberley Norris)
UTAS Author:Ogier, E (Dr Emily Ogier)
UTAS Author:Constable, AJ (Dr Andrew Constable)
UTAS Author:Pecl, GT (Professor Gretta Pecl)
ID Code:146778
Year Published:2021
Deposited By:Office of the Faculty of Law
Deposited On:2021-09-24
Last Modified:2021-10-20
Downloads:0

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