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Eating disorder symptoms among adolescent boys and girls in Iran


Sahlan, RN and Saunders, JF and Mond, JM and Fitzsimmons-Craft, EE, Eating disorder symptoms among adolescent boys and girls in Iran, International Journal of Eating Disorders, 54, (1) pp. 19-23. ISSN 0276-3478 (2021) [Refereed Article]

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© 2020 Wiley Periodicals LLC

DOI: doi:10.1002/eat.23420


Objective: Few studies of eating disorder (ED) symptoms among young people in Iran have been conducted. This cross-sectional study examined ED symptoms, assessed by the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q).

Method: Adolescent boys (n = 498) and girls (n = 607) aged 12–19 years, recruited from schools in four different regions of Iran, completed a survey that included the EDE-Q. ED symptoms, namely, EDE-Q global scores and the occurrence of specific ED behaviors, were compared between boys and girls.

Results: Girls had higher global scores and were more likely to report regular extreme dietary restriction than boys (16.6 vs. 12.0%). The effect sizes for these differences were small. The regular occurrence of other behaviors (girls vs. boys—binge eating: 21.1 vs. 18.8%; self-induced vomiting: 3.3 vs. 5.4%; laxative misuse: 6.1 vs. 7.6%; excessive exercise: 5.3 vs. 4.4%) did not significantly differ by gender. Twelve percent of boys and 12.9% of girls met criteria for an operational definition of "probable ED case."

Conclusion: ED symptoms appear to be relatively common among Iranian adolescent boys and girls. Programs designed to reduce the occurrence and adverse impact of these symptoms may therefore be increasingly important.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:adolescents, eating disorder symptoms, EDE-Q, gender differences, Iran
Research Division:Biomedical and Clinical Sciences
Research Group:Paediatrics
Research Field:Adolescent health
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Specific population health (excl. Indigenous health)
Objective Field:Adolescent health
UTAS Author:Mond, JM (Dr Jon Mond)
ID Code:146650
Year Published:2021
Web of Science® Times Cited:15
Deposited By:UTAS Centre for Rural Health
Deposited On:2021-09-20
Last Modified:2022-08-25

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