Sahlan, RN and Saunders, JF and Mond, JM and Fitzsimmons-Craft, EE, Eating disorder symptoms among adolescent boys and girls in Iran, International Journal of Eating Disorders, 54, (1) pp. 19-23. ISSN 0276-3478 (2021) [Refereed Article]
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Objective: Few studies of eating disorder (ED) symptoms among young people in Iran have been conducted. This cross-sectional study examined ED symptoms, assessed by the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q).
Method: Adolescent boys (n = 498) and girls (n = 607) aged 12–19 years, recruited from schools in four different regions of Iran, completed a survey that included the EDE-Q. ED symptoms, namely, EDE-Q global scores and the occurrence of specific ED behaviors, were compared between boys and girls.
Results: Girls had higher global scores and were more likely to report regular extreme dietary restriction than boys (16.6 vs. 12.0%). The effect sizes for these differences were small. The regular occurrence of other behaviors (girls vs. boys—binge eating: 21.1 vs. 18.8%; self-induced vomiting: 3.3 vs. 5.4%; laxative misuse: 6.1 vs. 7.6%; excessive exercise: 5.3 vs. 4.4%) did not significantly differ by gender. Twelve percent of boys and 12.9% of girls met criteria for an operational definition of "probable ED case."
Conclusion: ED symptoms appear to be relatively common among Iranian adolescent boys and girls. Programs designed to reduce the occurrence and adverse impact of these symptoms may therefore be increasingly important.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Keywords:||adolescents, eating disorder symptoms, EDE-Q, gender differences, Iran|
|Research Division:||Biomedical and Clinical Sciences|
|Research Field:||Adolescent health|
|Objective Group:||Specific population health (excl. Indigenous health)|
|Objective Field:||Adolescent health|
|UTAS Author:||Mond, JM (Dr Jon Mond)|
|Web of Science® Times Cited:||9|
|Deposited By:||UTAS Centre for Rural Health|
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