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Deep-sea fragmentation style of Havre revealed by dendrogrammatic analyses of particle morphometry

Citation

Durig, T and White, JDL and Zimanowski, B and Buttner, R and Murch, A and Carey, RJ, Deep-sea fragmentation style of Havre revealed by dendrogrammatic analyses of particle morphometry, Bulletin of Volcanology, 82 Article 67. ISSN 0258-8900 (2020) [Refereed Article]


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DOI: doi:10.1007/s00445-020-01408-1

Abstract

In 2012, the eruption of deep-sea volcano Havre produced an abundance of fine ash at a depth of ~ 1000 m below sea level. In this study the 2D shapes of Havre ash grains retrieved from the seafloor were compared quantitatively with those of particles generated in a suite of different fragmentation experiments, which used remelted rhyolitic rock and pumice from the eruption site. A new statistical data analysis technique, denoted as Dendrogrammatic Analysis of Particle Morphology (DAPM) is introduced. It is designed to compare large numbers of morphometric data sets containing shape information for a set of ash particles to group them by morphological similarities and to visualize these clusters in a dendrogram. Further steps involve t tests and equivalence tests and reveal morphometric differences as well as matching features. The DAPM suggests that the majority of Havre ash was thermohydraulically produced by induced fuel coolant-interaction. A subset of ash particles features an elongated tube morphology. Their morphometry matches that of particles that were experimentally produced by a combination of shearing and quenching, and we infer that the natural particles were formed by synextrusive ash-venting.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:particle size, submarine eruption, particle shape analysis, volcanic ash, Havre seamount, induced fuel-coolant interaction, fragmentation mechanisms
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Geology
Research Field:Geology not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the earth sciences
UTAS Author:Carey, RJ (Associate Professor Rebecca Carey)
ID Code:146600
Year Published:2020
Funding Support:Australian Research Council (DE150101190)
Web of Science® Times Cited:9
Deposited By:Earth Sciences
Deposited On:2021-09-15
Last Modified:2022-05-16
Downloads:0

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