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Fabrication and evaluation of a portable low-pressure headspace solid-phase microextraction device for on-site analysis


Derikvand, A and Ghiasvand, A and Dalvand, K and Haddad, PR, Fabrication and evaluation of a portable low-pressure headspace solid-phase microextraction device for on-site analysis, Microchemical Journal, 168 Article 106362. ISSN 0026-265X (2021) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

2021 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.microc.2021.106362


A compact, simple, and reliable low-pressure headspace solid-phase microextraction (LP-HS-SPME) device was fabricated, optimized, and successfully evaluated for on-site sampling of volatile and semivolatile environmental organic pollutants. The efficacy of low-pressure extraction for fast and accurate analysis of complex samples has been substantiated already, but the developed systems are laborious and usually use typical vacuum pumps which make them non-portable. Additionally, they are not suitable for direct sampling of analytes from solid samples. This LP-HS-SPME setup is pocket-sized and operator friendly and uses a syringe for the evacuation. It is very effective for the direct sampling of volatile and semivolatile analytes in complex liquid and solid matrices. A new electrospun nano-octadecylsilica/polyvinyl alcohol (NODS/PVA) coated fiber was prepared and characterized by SEM, EDX, and FT-IR techniques. The fiber was utilized with the developed device for the extraction and determination of PAHs in solid samples, by coupling with gas chromatography-flame ionization detection (GC-FID). A response surface methodology based on a central composite design was used to optimize the important experimental variables. The method calibration graphs were linear in the range of 0.011300 ng g−1 and the detection limits were 3 to 50 pg g−1. The repeatability for a single-fiber and inter-fiber reproducibility were obtained 5.39.9% and 12.218.5%, respectively. The NODS/PVA coated fiber and the LP-HS-SPME-GC-FID method were successfully assessed for the direct sampling and analysis of PAHs in polluted soil samples.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:portable low-pressure SPME, nano-octadecylsilica/polyvinyl alcohol, PAHs, solid samples
Research Division:Chemical Sciences
Research Group:Analytical chemistry
Research Field:Separation science
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the biomedical and clinical sciences
UTAS Author:Ghiasvand, A (Professor Alireza Ghiasvand)
UTAS Author:Haddad, PR (Professor Paul Haddad)
ID Code:146505
Year Published:2021
Web of Science® Times Cited:2
Deposited By:Chemistry
Deposited On:2021-09-09
Last Modified:2022-08-29

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