Jayawardena, R and Swarnamali, H and Ranasinghe, P and Hills, AP, Impact of portion-control plates (PCP) on weight reduction: A systematic review and meta-analysis of intervention studies, Obesity Research and Clinical Practice, 15, (2) pp. 106-113. ISSN 1871-403X (2021) [Refereed Article]
2021 Asia Oceania Association for the Study of Obesity. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved
Background: The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to assess whether the available research to date supports the use of portion-controlled plate (PCP) and leads to reductions in body weight and improvements in other anthropometric and biochemical parameters. The systematic review summarizes existing PCPs and their impact on anthropometric and metabolic changes.
Methods: A systematic search was conducted in the following databases: PubMed®, Web of Science®, Scopus®. Data were pooled using random or fixed effects meta-analysis.
Results: From 426 potentially relevant articles, 5 publications were included in this review, and 4 of which reported four different PCPs. All five studies reported a positive effect of PCP on obesity and metabolic parameters. PCP significantly reduced body weight (BW) by 2.02 kg (95% CI, -3.03 to -1.01, p < 0.0001), body mass index (BMI) by 0.87 kg m-2 (95% CI, -1.28 to -0.47, p < 0.0001) and waist circumference (WC) by 2.28 cm (95% CI, -4.57 to 0.01, p = 0.05). A non-significant reduction was observed for waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) (-0.01, 95% CI, -0.03 to 0.01, p = 0.35) during the three-month intervention period. PCP significantly decreased both BW (-1.66 kg; 95% CI, -2.69 to -0.62, p = 0.002) and percentage body weight (% BW) (-1.64%; 95% CI, -2.69 to -0.58, p = 0.002) when the intervention was undertaken for a 6-month period.
Conclusions: Overall, results showed that portion control intervention significantly reduced BW, BMI and WC, along with a positive trend for WHR, plus biochemical and blood pressure reduction.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Keywords:||meta-analysis, obesity, plate model, portion control plate, systematic review, weight reduction|
|Research Division:||Biomedical and Clinical Sciences|
|Research Group:||Nutrition and dietetics|
|Research Field:||Nutritional science|
|Objective Group:||Clinical health|
|Objective Field:||Treatment of human diseases and conditions|
|UTAS Author:||Hills, AP (Professor Andrew Hills)|
|Web of Science® Times Cited:||2|
|Deposited By:||Health Sciences|
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